Canada 2060

What will Canada look like in the year 2060?

Introduction

Have you ever thought of what Canada might look like 45 years from now? Well, this Smore is your lucky chance. This Smore details the current demographic, immigration and first nations situation in Canada today, as well as some predictions of what the demographic, immigration and first nations situations will be like 45 years from now or in the year 2060, to be exact!

Demography

Canada's current population is around 35,878,300. Our population is in stage 4 of growth. This means we have a low birth rate currently at 10.29/1000 and a low death rate currently at 8.31/1000 that are fairly stable at the moment, this results in a low natural increase rate that is currently 1.9%. At the moment Canada relies on international immigration which is the reason for our population growth; that is currently 0.76%. A reason for our low population growth rate is because of our low fertility rates. But we should also keep in mind that Canada is a stage 4 country meaning that family sizes are small and it is no longer a necessity to have children. Although this is the case, growth has actually increased in provinces like Nunavut from 2.0% to 3.2% and in Prince Edward Island from 0.2% to 0.5%.


As well over 15% of our population is made up of baby boomers, individuals born after world war 2. To put it in perspective 4.6 million people are aged 14-24 while 4.7 million people are aged 55-67. In Canada seniors out number young adults by 0.1 million. With that, life expectancy is also quiet high at 81.67 years, to go into specifics that's 79.07 years for males, and 84.42 years for females.

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Future Predictions

In the year 2060 our population is expected be over 40 million people. With that, Canada will stay a stage 4 country because of our low fertility rates and low death rates which results in a low population growth overall. Furthermore Canada will depend on immigrants greatly, as a source of population growth.


Life expectancy is also going to increase in the next 45 years for males and females. This is going to be because of the technological as well as scientific advances in society, 4 and a half decades from now. This will probably cause seniors aged 55-67 to out number youth aged 15-24 by a larger margin, because of the longer life expectancy.

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Immigration

250,000 immigrants come to Canada each year. Most of these immigrants come from countries like the Philippines, India and China. Immigrants come to Canada because of poverty, lack of jobs, education, violence/wars e.g. Syrian Civil war etc. Immigrants pick Canada as there new home because Canada offers Universal health care, education, jobs etc. Most importantly Canada needs these immigrants because we are currently facing shortages in fields like engineering, and heath care in provinces like Manitoba, Alberta and Ontario; we need these immigrants to fill these positions. As well many of these immigrants are skilled workers in agriculture, technology and factory work who can also converse in multiple languages which is something Canada is looking for. But a big problem that immigrants help solve is our low population growth rate; when immigrants come into the country they increase population growth rate which is needed.


Over the past 5 years we have seen an increase in immigration from countries in Africa, the Caribbean and South America. Most immigrants are seen going to provinces like Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and British Columbia. Overall 20.6% or 6,775,800 immigrants make up the Canadian population.

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Future Predictions

In the future we can see immigration from countries in Africa, Caribbean, and South America to increase while immigration from Asia will stabilize but stay high. In the future Canada will heavily depend on immigration. This is because of the affects of low fertility rates among Canadian women, which will slow down further. These immigrants are needed to grow our population and increase birth rates,furthermore these immigrants will be a very large part of our population in the future.


Immigrants will want to come to Canada in the future because a large part of the population will be at retiring at that time meaning there will be a lot of job opportunities for these immigrants. Many jobs are in big cities in provinces like Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and British Columbia meaning that most immigrants will be living in metropolitan areas in the future as opposed to suburban or rural areas as well

First Nations

Currently there are 1,400,685 or 4.3% aboriginal people who make up Canada's population. Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan have the highest population of First Nation people ranging from 301,425 to 157,740. Between 2006 an 2011 the First Nations population has increased by 232,385 or 20.1% in comparison to the non Canadian population which has increased by 5.2%. Currently 40% of First Nations Live on reserves, many of which have developed chronic illnesses from doing so. These illnesses are a big issue in these communities.
Perspectives from First Nations, Inuit and Métis on Health Care

Future Predictions

In the future aboriginal populations are expected to grow by a staggering amount. This is because fertility rate among First Nations women is much higher than that of non Native women who will be experiencing very low fertility rates.


Like the rest of the Canadian population First Nations are going to transition into metropolitan areas, from there reserves. Health care of First Nations will also improve when they transition into metropolitan areas were they can get better treatment for their illnesses.

Shazday Usmani

My Life In 45 Years! by Shazday Usmani

Conclusion

Overall Canada's demographic, immigration and First nations situations will change in the next 45 years, but this change is for the better, and with it we will become a finer nation.