Texas Oil

Oil at Spindletop in 1901 By: Grace Teter

Discovery of Oil in 1901!

The discovery of oil in 1901 began the first oil boom in Texas. The gusher spewed oil more than 100 feet into the air until it was capped nine days later. With that dramatic fanfare, Texas' economy was wrenched from its rural, agricultural roots and flung headlong into the petroleum and industrial age. Oil was also discovered in other places in Texas such as Wichita Fall, Burkburnett, Petrolia, and others. Spindletop was near the town of Beaumont after the discovery at spindletop Beaumont became a very busy city over night.

The BOOM!!!!!

The Texas Oil Boom started in Janary of 1901 at Spindletop. The Texas Oil Boom, sometimes called the Gusher Age, was a period of dramatic change and economic growth in the U.S. state of Texas during the early 20th century that began with the discovery of a large petroleum reserve called Spinndletop. From january 10, 1901, through september 2000, Spindletop has produced 155,700,000 barrels of oil in Texas.

Info About Anthony Lucas

One might say that Captain Anthony F. Lucas was the engineer behind the Spindletop Boom. He studied mining and related subjects in his homeland of Austria. Despite the negative reports from contemporary geologists, Lucas remained convinced that oil was in the salt domes of the Golf Coast. He pushed on and was successful.

By Products of Oil

Some products of oil are bitumen for roads and roofing, fuel for ships and factories
lubricating oils, waxes, polishes, plastics, rubbing alcohol, medicines, rubber and even things like lip gloss. Before Spindletop, oil was used mainly for lamps and lubrication.


Jobs in The Oil Buisness

Thousands of people poured into the Gulf Cost region hoping to strike it rich in the oil business. The Spindletop oil field provided many jobs for Texans and caused towns to turn into busy cities almost overnight.

The Drillers

The drillers who flooded into Beaumont to work at Spindletop. They were considered "a new breed of man". Oil-field workers took on a job that was filled with excitement and danger. They got paid well for their work. In 1900, fifty cents a day was considered a good wage. A driller, who was an experienced worker, got from five dollars to fifteen dollars a day. A skilled helper, called a roughneck, got a little less. A semi-skilled worker, known as a roustabout, was a little less paid. A "boll weevil" who was an inexperienced helper was paid two or three dollars a day.