Type 2 Diabetes

By: Paige S D2

Introduction - What is it?

Type 2 diabetes is a very serious illness that affects around 3 million people annually in the United States alone. It is something that is usually brought on by the person from things such as lack of exercise and a poor diet. It is very important to know about it because it could be fatal. “Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose,” Teens Health. Type 2 is something that is gotten through what you do, not by genes necessarily. If taken seriously you can work through this illness and actually get rid of it.

5 Tips on how to Reduce the Risk of Getting it

  1. Eat healthier, organic foods! - Ex. Don’t have white pasta, try whole wheat pasta. Or have an apple with cinnamon for a snack and not gold fish.
  2. Exercise! - You don’t have to go get a personal trainer and a gym membership. Make a priority to go take a walk with your dog outside every morning.
  3. Manage stress! - Don’t let stress make you sick. Make sure you have time to unwind every day and do something you enjoy like taking a yoga class or reading a book with a cup of tea.
  4. Go to the doctors regularly! - Go to the doctors to make sure your body is healthy because there are many cases of people who didn’t even know they had diabetes.
  5. Don’t be afraid to take supplements! - It’s totally okay if you take a vitamin c supplement in the morning. It is a good way to get important things into your body that you aren’t getting enough through food.

There is a Cure but is still Life Threating

It can be cured but only if the person really takes control of it. Just like smoking, it is very difficult to change your diet but if you ever want to get off the medicine you have to put the time in. Normally people will just take their diabetes medicine and continue their unhealthy lifestyle but there are people who want to get better and change their whole lifestyle. Early treatment is very important because if you blow it off you can have a stroke or a heart attack which can lead to other serious illnesses. But people shouldn't forget that this disease is VERY fatal! It is the 7th leading cause of deaths in the United States. Roughly 76,000 deaths in the United States alone in 2014.

How to Figure out if you Have it and Treatment

It is diagnosed by taking a blood test. Then they check the blood sugar levels and if it is too high or too low, they diagnose you as diabetic. Some symptoms you may experience if you have type 2 diabetes are:
  • Increased thirst

  • Blurred vision

  • Fatigue

  • Increased hunger

  • Poor wound healing

  • Weight gain

But don't fear, there are actually different ways for treating type 2 diabetes. One of the most common ways is a change in lifestyle. This includes a better diet, (ex. eating whole wheat pasta instead of white pasta). Or exercising is also a popular one. But there are ways to treat diabetes with medicine. For example, Glipizide. People can also insert and insulin in themselves with a special needle.

Who Gets it the Most?

Anyone can get type 2 diabetes. But this illness is most commonly found in people who are considered “couch potatoes”. These people eat fast food, white bread and pasta, a huge bag of chips while watching TV all day. But however, having a family background that is African-American, Hispanic/Latino, American-Indian, Asian-American, or Pacific-Islander could make you at a higher risk for it. Adults are at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes because the risk increases as a person gets older. Men are more likely for diabetes than women. But don’t be upset if you have a higher risk for type 2 diabetes because if you take care of yourself you will be fine.

Fun Facts

  1. W.H.O anticipates that worldwide deaths attributable to diabetes will double by 2030

  2. Diabetes was the primary cause of kidney failure in 44 percent of all new cases in 2011.

  3. Approximately 73,000 lower-limb amputations were performed in diabetics age 20 and older.

  4. Diabetics have twice the risk of death of any cause compared to individuals of the same age without diabetes.

  5. In 2004, high blood sugar as a result of diabetes led to an estimated 3.4 million deaths worldwide.

Citations

Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2015.


"Type 2 Diabetes: What Is It?" KidsHealth. Ed. Steven Dowshen. The Nemours Foundation, 01 June 2015. Web. 06 Nov. 2015.


"Age, Race, Gender & Family History." American Diabetes Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2015


"Diabetes." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 29 Sept. 2015. Web. 06 Nov. 2015.