The Dust Bowl

what it was and the effect it had

What is the Dust Bowl?

The Dust Bowl was an environmental disaster in the southern plains during the 1930's. It hit the hardest in Kansas, Oklahoma, Northern Texas, Eastern Colorado, and New Mexico. It was called the Dust Bowl because there were huge dust storms filled with soil from farms.

Effect on Farmers and the Economy

A ton of dust bowl farmers went bankrupt because of the lack of soil. Farmers didnt realize they were actually hurting the land by over-plowing. Because there was no soil, there could be no crops, and in turn, there would be shortages in food. This harmed the economy because there was little trade of crops throughout the market. It also pushed many farmers out of their jobs and off their land.

How did this happen?

The Dust Bowl was a bad time for the farmers because the Dust Bowl was when Dust came and wiped out the crops and soil. It made farmers move to California. They had to live there because they didn't have any land to farm on. The Dust Bowl was a big cloud of black dust that could travel from 2 to 2,000 miles. The Dust Bowl happened from Dry loose soil and lack of rain.

Migrant Workers

Migrant workers are farmers that moved from place to place to harvest cash crops. Many dust bowl farmers were forced to become migrant farmers because they had to move out of their land and go to places where it was more profitable to farm and there was actual farmable land. Most migrant workers were in California and came from Oklahoma. These workers were called "okies".

The Grapes of Wrath

This book was written in 1939 to show the flock of families from the dust bowl to more arable land. It especially showed how the lives of dust bowl farmers were practically ruined, as they walked hungry and homeless to find a new place to live. It was a mad rush to find any way to make money so one could support their family. It is now known as one of the best pieces of American literature.