by: Elainey Ramaekers


Taxonomy is the branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms; systematics. Taxonomy identifies and enumerates the components of biological diversity providing basic knowledge underpinning management and implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. It studies and names millions of species of plants, animals and micro-organisms.


Aristotle was born in 384 BCE in Stagirus. He was famous for his writings on physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. He was the teacher of Alexander the Great. He studied at Platonic Academy from (367 BC- 347 BC) and was the student of Plata. He was known as the ¨Father of Science¨, because it was Aristotle who first introduced the two key concepts of Taxonomy, the classification of organisms by type and binomial definition. He was also the first to attempt to classify all the kinds of animals in his History of Animals.

Carolus Linnaeus

Carolus Linnaeus was born May 23, 1707 and died January 10, 1778. He grew up in Smaland which was a poor region in in Southern Sweden. Carl enrolled at Lund University, after a year he switched to Uppsala University. He studied their for 1 year, then became a lecturer at Uppsala University at age 23 he was a rather good one and his lectures became popular. When he was 25 he traveled 1250 miles in Lapland, making observations of the native plants and birds. He also made geological notes. On his journey he discovered 100 new plants. He wrote a book called Floraś Lapponica, describing his new discoveries. He also started using a two-part naming system that became worldwide used to name living things. It also came to him that he could use his system to name animals as well as plants.

Alfred Wallace

Alfred was born January 8, 1823. He was born in a small village in Wales. His only formal education was at Haleś Grammer School. He was forced to leave school when he was only 14 years old and was sent to London to live with his brother. He started collecting books about plants and natural history, forming a collection of pressed specimens. thatś where his interests began. Wallace then got a job in late 1843 as a master to teach drafting, surveying, english, and arishmetic. He was fascinated about how there were so many species that still could be found, therefore in 1848 him and Bates set off by ship from Liverpool to Para(Belem), to collect specimens of insects, birds, and other animals. Unfortunately, on there way back their ship caught on fire and all their foundings were gone. But that didn't stop Alfred! In 1854 he left Britain once again on a collecting expedition to the Malay Archipelago, and arrived in Singapore on the 19, April. He spent nearly 9 years in the region collecting 110,000 insects, 7500 shells, 8050 bird skins, and 410 mammal and reptile specimens, including more than 500 species new to science. His best known Zoological discoveries are Wallaceś Golden Birdwing Butterfly.