Blake + Mouton

Leadership Grid


Robert Blake and Jane Mouton worked together at the psychology department of the University of Texas during the 1950s and 1960s. Devoloped the mangerial/leadership grid which is used for a framework for understanding mangerial behaviour.

The Leadership Grid

The two main dimensions covered by their grid are-

1) Concern for production- the degree to which a leader emphasizes concrete objectives, organizational efficiency and high productivity when deciding how best to accomplish a task. (concern to get the task done)

2) Concern for people- when the leader considers the needs of the team members, their interests, and areas of personal development when deciding how best to accomplish a task. (concern for team processes)

The grid measures a manager's concern for people/process and their concern for production. The results are then plotted on a nine- position grid.

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Country Club Management - High People/Low Production

Authority- Compliance Management- High Production/Low People

Improvised Management- Low Production/Low People

Middle of the Road Management- Medium Production/Medium People

Team Management- High Production/High People

Applying the Managerial Grid

1) Identify your leadership style

Think about some recent situations where you have been the leader and then identify where you would fit into the grid.

2) Identify areas of improvement + develop your leadership skills

Analyse the leadership style's efffectiveness and then looking where you could improve. For example improving team communication and being more clear on scheduling.

3) Put the grid into context

May not always be appropriate to balance out the people and production needs equally as it depends on importance and urgency. e.g. when a business is faced with an economic hardship then the people concerns may be placed to the 'bottom of the pile' (for the time being) to achieve productivity and efficiency.

Referenced from page 65 of A2 Applied Business by Collins.