Short Story Elements
For example, the short story "The Most Dangerous Game" consisted of a series of events in which the man ended up on the island and eventually had to hunt with General Zaroff. The story ended with the man, named Rainsford, eventually defeating the General. This story effectively shows a series of events which are related to one another through cause and effect and help bild up to the story's climax, and then back down to its conclusion.
In short story "Cask of Amontillado" , Montressor takes Fortunato to the very dark and damp catacombs, which is considered one of the settings of the story, and that gives the story a dark tone as well as foreshadowing that something bad will happen.
In the story "Lamb to the Slaughter", Mary is a dynamic character who changes thoughout the story from a calm and cool person to a very angry person who ends up murdering her husband. The author uses indirect characterization to show this. She seems like a very helpless woman in the beginning as she is sad and is crying, but then the reader views her as a murderer and a vicious person once she kills her husband.
The conflict in the story "Scarlet Ibis" was Man vs. Self as the main character attempted to teach his brother to walk and run solely because of his own pride. He tried to teach his brother everything as he was ashamed of having a brother who was disabled, and all his actions were based around himself and his pride.
The theme in "Scarlet Ibis" was that one should never let their pride overpower their actions in a bad way to where an individual can be torn apart from their loved ones. This is shown when the boy states that he "did not know then that pride is a wonderful, terrible thing, a seed that bears two vines, life and death" (Hurst 3).
An example of situational irony would be in "Lamb to the Slaughter" when the wife feeds the police investigators the weapon she used to kill her own husband. This is ironic as they say they feel they are near the murder weapon and it seems to them as if it is "probaby right under our very noses" (Dahl). The investigator said this as he was eating the lamb, or murder weapon.
The short story "Scarlet Ibis" uses a simile, a type of literary device, when the boy describes the scarlet ibis which lay dead in front of them. He says that "even death did not mar it's grace, for it lay on the earth like a broken vase of red flowers" (Hurst 5). The author uses a simile to describe the bird's beauty more effectively by comparing it to a broken vase of red roses.
The short story "Scarlet Ibis" also does a great job of painting a picture of beautiful scenes in the readers mind through the use of imagery. This literary device allows the author to paint a picture in the readers mind, especially when he says that "the slanted rays of the sun burned orange in the tops of the pines" (Hurst 2). This helps the reader understand how beautiful the place really is.
In the short story "Cask of Amontillado", Edgar Allan Poe uses the characters' costumes to symbolize an aspect of their personality or what they had set out to do. Montressor was dressed in a "mask of black silk and drawing a roquelaire about my personality" (Poe 2). This is symbolic for his dark and evil intentions which are kept hidden under his fake mask of kindness. Fortunato, on the other hand, is dressed in a "tight-fitting parti-striped dress, and his head was surmounted by the conical cap and bells" (Poe 2). Fortunato was dressed much like a fool, showing his role in the story, as he was easily fooled by Montresor and lured to his own death.
Point of View
The short story "Cask of Amontillado" is written in 1st person point of view as it is from the perspective of Montresor, who is the main character in the story.
In "Cask of Amontillado", Edgar Allan Poe uses a very dark and suspenseful tone when he describes the vaults Montresor takes Fortunato to as "long walls of piled skeletons, with casks and puncheons intermingling, into the inmost recesses of the catacombs" (Poe 3). This dark and suspenseful tone gives this passage a very eerie and evil mood, making the reader feel frightened.