Trees at TimberviewMS

By: Prishmi, Reagan, and Hyunjee

What's at Timbervew?

Here in Timberview, we have 4 amazing trees. To make a better student learning environment, the school decided to plant trees. The four trees include the Texas Red Oak, the Live Oak, the South Magnolia, and the Red Cedar. In this flyer, we will inform you about each of the trees listed above.

The Texas Redoak

One of the trees in Timberview is the Texas Red Oak Tree. The common name for this tree is the " Texas Red Oak" or " The Spanish Oak". With a growth rate of moderate speed, the tree can go up to the maximum height of 75 feet! It grows best in a warm and southern climate such as places like Texas, Georgia, and Florida. The tree can live up to 100 years.
The Texas Red Oak produces acorns that have a rich shade of brown with a tinge of red that become food to many scavenging animals. Their leaves are large with 3 prongs and pointed ends. They are a bright green shade. The leaves change color through each passing season. The bright green shade turns into a deep red or burgundy shade in the fall and some develop a bright or burnt orange color in the autumn as well. The Texas Red Oak produces reddish brown flowers during the spring called "catkins" that are from 1 to 3 1/2 inches in length. The reproduction method goes through the process of pollination, fertilization, and the dispersal of seeds. Oak trees are classified as nonoecious, where they produce both male and female flowers. The male flowers are called staminate and the female flowers are called pistillate. The autumn acorns ripen and fall to the ground. Strangely, red oaks differ from normal oak trees because they require two growing seasons. THen the subsequent shedding of the leaves acts as deterrent to acorn scavenging animals as it covers and hides the acorns on the forest floor. However, the animals end up finding most of the acorns leaving small proportions of seeds to remain inact and go on to mature into adult trees.

Humans depend on the Texas Red Oak because its one of the largest and important timber trees. Acorns grow on this tree that provide food for numerous birds and animals such as ruffed grouse, nuthatch, blue jay, wild turkey, red, gray and fox squirrels, bears, deer, and raccoons. Parasites that affect it and possible adaptations would include oak wilt, diploid canker, oak root rot, anthracnose, and mistletoe. There are some limiting factors like harsh weather, droughts, pollution, and soil without enough nutrients.

You can grow a Texas Red Oak by planting either a seed or getting a young tree from a nursery. Texas Red Oaks don't need a lot of pruning, but need special attention at first so they grow properly. You have to make sure that you fertilize and water the tree appropriately for the first three years of its life.

The Texas Red Oak needs sun, water, and carbon dioxide to make food. It also needs soil and fertilizer to grow properly.

The Texas Red Oak provides oxygen, shade, and shelter and food for animals. Once it dies it will be broken down and its nutrients will be released back into the soil.

The Red Cedar Tree

One of the trees in Timberview is the Red Cedar Tree. The common name for this tree is the "Eastern Red Cedar" and the scientific name is "Juniperus Virginia". With a growth rate of moderate to rapid, the tree can grow up to 30-40 feet! It grows best in a warm and southern climate in eastern U.S. or in the Medeteranian Region. The tree can live up to 800 years.
The Red Cedar Tree produces flowers and fruit that become food for neighboring animals. The female tree sometimes produces blueberries. Their leaves are 1/6 inches and are like scales turning medium green in the summer and grayish green in the winter. When the leaves are young, they tend to be prickly. In the second year after pollination, the female cones on the trees are fully brown and ripened with seeds. The cones split open and break apart, releasing seed that then drop to the ground or are carried slightly by the wind. The seed is sticky with some resin, a semisolid substance secreted in the sap of some plants and trees, and has a "wing" that allows the wind to carry the seed farther from the mother tree.
As said before, the fruit from the tree provides food for animals such as pheasants, cedar wax-wings, and other songbirds. The animals use the tree for food and shelter and humans use it for fence posts and wooden pencils. There are also parasites that are harmful to the plant such as fungi, mostly the polypore fungi, and bagworm moths that eat away the leaves. Some abiotic factors that the tree needs for survival are water, clean and rich soil, and the sun. Some limiting factors of the red cedar tree are created by humans. In Timberview, the limiting factors would be the slanted landscape that we created which prevents the trees from recieving the suffiecient water that they need to grow healthy. Since it is a school full of young children, the trees are damaged by careless accidents like getting hit with a soccer ball and much more. Although the cedar trees go through a lot of damage at a middle school, the tree has long term affects in the Timberview environment. They clean our air and make our school look beautiful.
Overall, the red cedar trees are truly one of a kind. These trees can adapt to well drained sites. To grow this tree, it requires for the tree to recieve a lot of sunlight. The tree prefers well drained soil but is able to tolerate a wide range of soil types. It is easy to transplant, and is also heat and drought tolerant. Make sure to check on it every once in a while because this tree tends to get very weedy. The Red Cedar is a tree that makes the students walk around with a smile on their face.

Southern Magnolia

The Southern Magnolia can grow anywhere from 60-125 feet. It has a medium growth rate and grows best around the Atlantic Coast(from around North Carolina to Florida). It has a long life span of 80-120 years. Its leaves are dark green and are around 5-10 inches long and leathery(soft red underside). Its flowers are huge and white and can grow up to 12 inches(diameter). Its fruits are about 3-8 inches long and attract birds. It is a good seed producer and creates its best seeds when it reaches the age of 25 or older. The seeds germinate around the first or second spring and don't usually grow near the tree they came from. The seeds need partial shade and for the first couple of years and will grow quickly in good conditions.

To grow them, they need lots of space and a deep hole. They need some shade at first but they need more sun as they get older. You need to dig a hole that is 2 times wider and as deep as the root ball. You need to remove all debris from the hole and apply fertilizer.

Animals, like birds, eat the trees fruits and seeds and use the tree as shelter. Other animals that eat the seeds are squirrels, opossums, quail, and turkey. Limiting factors preventing the tree from growing are kids pulling leaves from them and hanging on them and the trees not getting water. Parasites that affect them are verticillium wilt, fungi, and cephaleurus virescens.

Possible adaptations are that they adapted to different types of soil and don't have many issues with parasites. Some abiotic factors that they depend on are soil and fertilizer and sun, water, and carbon dioxide to make food. Some things they provide are oxygen, shade, shelter, and nutrients to the soil once they die.

Live Oak trees

The height can reach 60 feet and grows quickly. The climate it grows best in is the dry parts of Texas. the life span is about 200-300 years old. The leaves stay green all year round. it is a type of evergreen tree.The size of the leaves are normally 4" - 8" or 2" - 4". The leaves are simple and stay on the tree ever through winter at times. They are narrow and stiff. The upper left is shiny and dark green while the lower is normally dull. When new leaves develop, the live oak tree produces small flowers. These flowers are brown in color and usually not apparent.

This tree also produces brown acorns that are usually in clusters of three to five. These acorns germinate soon after falling to the ground if the site is moist and warm. Few acorns remain viable over winter because various animals eat them. In order for someone to grow this tree at their house, they would need a big backyard, give the tree water, sunlight, and a somewhat dry environment. There are quite a few organisms that depend on this tree. Some would be moths, a variety of birds, caterpillars, weevils, turkeys, ducks, Jays, and deer. Some limiting factors may include growing in a small space, and growing in an extremely dry environment (even though this tree has a pretty high drought tolerance, anything too extreme would hurt it) because the ground wouldn't be able to support its root system. Some parasites would include caterpillars of the western tussock moth, California oakworms, tent caterpillars, armyworms, and blister mites. Abiotic factors this tree needs includes water, sunlight, soil, oxygen, right climate, and nutrients. They're live oak trees on TMS grounds. Since this tree produces acorns, it will provide food for the animals that live there. It will be there for many years providing shade, allowing us to observe it, and helping countless animals with food and shelter.