Kindertransport and Lebensborn

Kindertransport

Kindertransport the act that saved hundreds of lives. Nine months before World War ll, roughly 10,000 innocent children left their families and childhoods behind. They were asked not to cry and show no emotion what so ever. Then the parents were also asked the same question. Many parents ended up turning and crying because they were watching their babies go off to a safe place. Although that place was unknown, they lost their babies forever. Many of the families that were left behind were sent to concentration camps or death trains. Once the children got to their final destination, they exited the train and people greeted them and that was their new family. British leaders took it upon themselves to get the children out. December 2, 1938, the first train left a Jewish orphanage in Berlin and transported about 196 children. Children were sent out of Austria, Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia. The Red Cross was involved in getting the children out of Nazi Regime. Children did not know that the sight of their parents at the train station was the last time they were actually going to see each other. There were not enough Jewish families for all 10,000 children. Many Quaker families adopted the Jewish children.

Lebensborn

Lebensborn a disgusting aspect of World War II in Germany for all Germans. The Lebensborn project was one of most secret and terrifying Nazi projects. Heinrich Himmler founded the Lebensborn project on December 12, 1935, the same year the Nuremberg Laws outlawed intermarriage with Jews and others who were deemed inferior. For decades, Germany’s birthrate was decreasing. Himmler’s goal was to reverse the decline and increase the Germanic/Nordic population of Germany to 120 million. Himmler encouraged SS and Wermacht officers to have children with Aryan women. He believed Lebensborn children would grow up to lead a Nazi-Aryan nation. The purpose of this society (Registered Society Lebensborn -Lebensborn Eingetragener Verein) was to offer to young girls who were deemed “racially pure” the possibility to give birth to a child in secret. The child was then given to the SS organization which took charge in the child’s education and adoption. Both mother and father needed to pass a “racial purity” test. Blond hair and blue eyes were preferred, and family lineage had to be traced back at least three generations. Of all the women who applied, only 40 percent passed the racial purity test and were granted admission to the Lebensborn program.