GYMNASTICS

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Translation - Icelandic to English

“Rising stars in gymnastics”

Dominiqua Belányi a gymnast from Ármann, give her time to talk with mbl.is in the end of a competition in artistic gymnastics in the Reykjavíkurleikar today. Dominiqua couldn’t perform as well as usual in the competition but she achieved good performance in the articles she could participate in.

“I took three apparatus. I injured my finger two weeks ago so I couldn’t participate on my best apparatus, uneven bars. It wen well on the other apparatus, really remarkably well. It did surprise me,” said Dominiqua and is happy about the gymnastics part in the Reykjavíkurleikar, because this was the first year they had a artistic gymnastic competition.

“This is very fun and the first time that is competed in artistic gymnastics in the Reykjavíkurleikar, before it were the acrobatic gymnastics. But it is fun to get to compete also.”

Acrobatic gymnastics attract much attention.

“The girls in the acrobatic gymnastics attract a lot of attention and there are many girls that want to practice gymnastics. These are different worlds, artistic gymnastics and acrobatic gymnastics, but I would say that there are rising stars in the both sports. There are for example many young girls that are trying to go to the Olympics,” said Dominiqua in a conversation with mbl.is


„Rís­andi stjörn­ur í fim­leik­un­um“

Dom­in­iqua Belányi, fim­leika­kona úr Ármanni, gaf sér tíma til að ræða við mbl.is að lok­inni keppni í áhaldafim­leik­um á Reykja­vík­ur­leik­un­um í dag. Dom­in­iqua sjálf gat þó ekki beitt sér að fullu á mót­inu en náði góðum ár­angri í þeim grein­um sem hún gat tekið þátt í.

„Ég tók þrjú áhöld. Ég meidd­ist á putta fyr­ir tveim­ur vik­um svo ég gat ekki tekið besta áhaldið mitt, tví­slá. Það gekk vel í hinu, eig­in­lega bara furðulega vel. Það kom svo­lítið á óvart,“ sagði Dom­in­iqua og er ánægð með fim­leika­hluta Reykja­vík­ur­leik­anna, en í ár er í fyrsta sinn keppt þar í áhaldafim­leik­um.

„Þetta er mjög skemmti­legt og í fyrsta sinn sem keppt er í áhaldafim­leik­um á Reykja­vík­ur­leik­un­um, áður voru það hóp­fim­leik­arn­ir. En það er skemmti­legt að fá að keppa með.“

Hóp­fim­leik­arn­ir draga að sér mikla at­hygli

„Stelp­urn­ar í hóp­fim­leik­un­um draga að sér mikla at­hygli og það er fullt af stelp­um sem vilja koma í fim­leika. Þetta eru mis­mun­andi heim­ar, áhaldafim­leik­ar og hóp­fim­leik­ar, en ég mundi segja að það sé fullt af rís­andi stjörn­um í báðum íþrótt­un­um. Til að mynda eru marg­ar ung­ar stelp­ur núna í áhaldafim­leik­un­um sem við erum að reyna að koma á Ólymp­íu­leika,“ sagði Dom­in­iqua í sam­tali við mbl.is.



I choosed this article because I think Dominiqua is a great gymnast and I wanted to read about what she had to say about rising stars in the gymnastic world. I translated the text mostly just by myself, I didn’t know how to translate few words so I used Snara.is to help me with those words.

Translation - English to Icelandic

Staðreyndir um fimleika

Fimleikar sem íþrótt hefur verið til í um 2000 ár. Forn grikkir æfðu fimleika til að undirbúa sig fyrir stríð. Afþreyingar eins og hlaup og hopp, ásamt að kasta skotbolta og glíma var notuð til að undirbúa ungu grísku mennina. Box var einnig notað og öll sú starfsemi sem hjálpaði að undirbúa vöðvana fyrir komandi átök í bardaganum. Forn grikkir gerðu fitness æfingar, ásamt því að nota fimleikahest til að æfa aðferðir til þess að undirbúa hest fyrir átök. Þeir æfðu einnig allskyns sirkus æfingar.

Forn grikkir æfðu einnig unga nemendur í fimleikum sem part af námsefninu þeirra. Í lok 18. aldar og byrjun 19. aldar voru tveir fyrstu íþróttakennararnir, Friedrich GutsMuth og Friedrich Ludwig Jahn sem bjuggu til æfingar fyrir stráka og unga menn á nokkrum áhöldum sem þeir höfðu hannað.

Friedrich Jahn var þekktur fyrir að hafa verið ,,faðir fimleikanna” Hann hannaði og kynnti fyrir öllum svifrá, karlatvíslá, jafnvægisslá, hest, stiga og bogahest.

Snemma á 19. öld, byrjuðu kennarar að nota fimleika sem hluta af þjálfunaráætluninni, og í byrjun 20. aldar byrjaði herinn að nota fimleika og framleiða handbækur sem voru með allskins æfingum í.

Í enda 19. aldar voru karlafimleikar nógu vinsælir til þess að fá að vera með í fyrstu Ólympíuleikunum 1896. Samt sem áður, í kringum 1950, voru fimleikarnir í Ólympíuleikunum með samstilltar gólfæfingar þar átti að klifra upp reipi, hoppa hátt, hlaupa og fara yfir láréttan stiga svo eitthvað sé nefnt.


Gymnastics fact

Gymnastics as a sport has been around for 2,000 years. The Ancient Greeks practiced gymnastics as a way to prepare for war. Activities like running and jumping, along with throwing a discus and wrestling were used to prepare the young Greek men. Boxing was also used and all of these activities helped develop the muscles needed for hand-to-hand combat. Additional fitness practices used by the ancient Greeks included methods for mounting and dismounting a horses and a variety of circus performance skills.

The ancient Greeks also trained their young students in gymnastics as a part of their education. In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries two pioneer physical educators, Johann Friedrich GutsMuth and Friedrich Ludwig Jahn created exercises for boys and young men on several apparatus they had designed.

Friedrich Jahn became known as the “father of gymnastics”. He designed and introduced the horizontal bar, parallel bars, balance beam, side horse with pommels, ladder, and vaulting horse.

In the early 19th Century, educators began using gymnastics as a part of their training programs, and in the early 20th Century, the armed services began using gymnastics and producing drill manuals featuring all kinds of gymnastics.

By the end of the nineteenth century, men’s gymnastics was popular enough to be included in the first modern Olympic Games held in 1896. However, up until the 1950s, gymnastics in the Olympics included such things as synchronized team floor calisthenics, rope climbing, high jumping, running, and horizontal ladder just to name a few.


I choosed this article because it tells us how gymnastics became a sport and I find that very interesting. I translated the text using the webpage Snara.is to help me with the difficult words.

Interview with Kolbrún Þöll, a great gymnast here in Iceland.

I choosed Kolbrún Þöll Þorradóttir because she is a great gymnast in Iceland and a great rolemodel for everyone. She has shown a good success by winning many trophies and I wanted to know more about her.


I asked her few questions to get to know her better:


  • How old are you?
  • How old were you when you started practising gymnastics?
  • Where do you live?
  • Which team do you practise with?
  • What do you practise often in each week?
  • Are you in school? Which one?
  • What are your strongest competitors?
  • What do you do the night before the competition?




Here is how she answeared me:
My name is Kolbrún Þöll and Im sixteen years old, going seventeen in december tenth. I was only 5 years old when my mom took me to a gymnastic practise. I live in Garðabær with my family. I have always been practising with my team Stjarnan. We practise almost every day, or 6 times a week. Yes Im in school and Im studying at Fjölbrautarskóli Garðabæjar. I would say that Gerpla is my biggest competitor because they have been the Icelandic champions 9 years in a rove. Before every competitoin I meet my teammates, eat healthy and go to bed early.

Summaries from TED.COM

Are athletes really getting faster, better, stronger? David Epstein is talking about why athletes are getting better in their sports, because it looks like they are getting faster, better and stronger in every way.Thanks to the technology that gets better every year it‘s much easier for athletes to reach their goals. He names many examples how that helps the athletes, for example are all sport equipment way better than before and all sportcourts much better designed. The brain is also stronger than before, because we are not as scared to hurt ourselfs. We have much more control of our minds and we are more focused now.


I wanted to whatch a video about gymnastics, but I couldn‘t find any interesting video about that. So I choosed to learn more about sport in general. I thought the title „Are athletes really getting faster, better, stronger?“ interesting so I whatched that video to know more about that. I learned something new and the video was interesting.

Diana Nyad achieved her lifetime goal as an athlete. She swam a 100 mile swim from Cuba to Florida. She talks about how it was during the long swim. She had a great team that helped her getting food and drinks and she could never touch the boat. It was hardest at the nights because than they could not have any lights at the boat because of jellyfishes and sharks. The team just listened to the noise when her hands touched the water and followed her. Diana was stung by a jellyfish, choking on a saltwater, singing to herself and she just kept on swimming. She tells everyone to never, ever give up on their dreams because everything is possible.


I choosed this video because it is interesting and related to sport. Diana Nyad achieved a lifetime goal which is amazing and she‘s such a strong woman. It is inspiring to hear her talk about never giving up on her dream. Dreams are something that all sports have in common.

Christopher McDougall explores the mysteries of the human desire to run. He wonders if people were born to run and talks about the reasons why people run. Running helped the early humans to survive. McDougall talks also about marathoners that have a heart of gold and the hidden tribe in Mexico that runs to live.


I find running a interesting subject and I wanted to know what Christopher Mc Dougall had to say about runners and why people run. Running is also in all sports and my favorite sport is gymnastics.