Adolf Hitler

By: Linda Chen

Early Life

Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau, Austria on April 20, 1889. He was the fourth of six children born to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. When Hitler was 3 the family moved from Austria to Germany. Growing up his father did not approve of his interest in fine art rather than business. Besides art Hitler showed an interest in German nationalism. The years after his fathers death Hitler applied to the Academy of Fine Arts twice and was rejected both times. Out of money he moved into a homeless shelter where he remained for several years.


At the start of World War I Hitler applied to serve in the German army. He was accepted in August 1914, although he was still an Austrian citizen. He spent much of his time away from the front lines but he was present at a number of significant battles and was even wounded at the Somme. He was awarded for his bravery and received the Iron Cross First Class and the Black Wound Badge.

Rise to German Power

The Great Depression that followed WW1 left Germany in a turmoil which allowed a political opportunity for Hitler. In 1932, Hitler ran against Paul Von Hindenburg for the German presidency. Hitler came in second in both rounds of the election having more than 35% of the vote in the final election. The election made it clear that Hitler was a strong force in German politics. Hindenburg agreed to appoint Hitler as a chancellor in order to promote political balance throughout the country.

The day before President Hindenburg's death in August 1934 the cabinet had wrote a law that made the of powers of the president and the powers of the chancellor combine. Hitler then became head of state as well as head of government. As head of state Hitler became overall commander of the armed forces. He started to mobilize for war. Germany then withdrew from the League of Nations and Hitler announced that he would expand borders.


In 1938, Hitler and many great leaders signed the Munich Agreement. The treaty gave up the Sudetenland lands to Germany and reversed part of the Treaty of Versailles. As a result this feed Hitler's ego of gaining more land for his country. Thus on September 1, Germany invaded Poland. In response, Britain and France declared war on Germany. The great war has began.

Hitler increased his activities in 1940 invading Scandinavia, France, the Netherlands and Belgium. He ordered bombing raids on the UK with the goal of invasion. Germany had a alliance with Japan and Italy known as the Axis powers, this was signed to help the Axis to have power over the Allies.

On June 22, 1941 Hitler violated a non-aggression pact with Stalin sending about 3 million German troops into the Soviet Union. The army seized a huge area of land before they were was stopped outside Moscow in December 1941.

On December 7, as Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, Hitler was at war against The Alliance that included the world's largest empire Britain, the world's greatest financial power (at the time) the U.S. and the world's largest army the Soviet Union.

Days Following to the Death Bed

By early 1945 Hitler realized that Germany was going to lose the war. The Soviets had drove the German army back into Western Europe and the Allies were advancing into Germany.

On April 29, 1945, Hitler married his girlfriend Eva Braun, in a small civil ceremony in his Berlin bunker. Around this time Hitler was notified of the assassination of Mussolini. Afraid to fall into the hands of enemy troops, Hitler and Eva committed suicide the day after their wedding, on April 30, 1945. Their bodies were carried to the bombed-out garden behind the Reich Chancellery where they were burned.

After Hitler's death, Berlin fell on May 2, 1945 and Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945.