World War I Timeline

by: Cayde Miller

1870- France gave up territory along the German border

In 1870, as part of its plan to unify Germany, Prussia forced France to give up territory along the German border. As a result, France and Germany became enemies. To protect itself, Germany signed alliances with Italy and with the huge empire of Austria-Hungary, which controlled much of southeastern Europe. This became known as the Triple Alliance.

1894- Franco Russian Alliance

In 1894, a new alliance alarmed Russian leaders who feared Germany intended to expand eastward into their territory, in addition, Russia and Austria-Hungary were competing for influence in southeast Europe. They told the Slavs they would protect them.

1898- Germany began building a large modern navy

In 1898, Germany began building a large modern navy. The buildup threatened the British, who rushed to build warships. By the early 1900's, Britain and Germany were engaged in an arms race.

1908- Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia

In 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia, which had belonged to the Ottoman Empire, outraging the Serbs. This annexation let Serbia and everyone know that they had no intention of allowing the Slavs to make their own countries, which leads to nationalist groups forming, sometimes they are extreme.

1915- (Febuary) Germans started using U-Boats

In February of 1915,Germans started using U-Boats to sink, without warning, any ship they found sailing around Britain.

1915- (May 7th) U-Boat sank the British passenger ship the Lusitania

On May 7, 1915 a U-Boat sank the British passenger ship, the Lusitania, killing over 1,000 passengers including 128 Americans. America now knows they need to get rid of the Barbaric Raiders. President Wilson tries to stop U-Boat attacks because they are endangering neutral people.

1916- (March) America torpedoed a French ship

In March of 1916, American submarines torpedo a French ship.

1916- American Election year

In 1916, another election rolled around. Wilson barely wins it for the second time. His campaign slogan was, "He kept us out of the war."

1916- Germans ruled the sky with fighter planes

Germany uses a different tactic to fight in WWI. They bring out the fighter planes to give an aerial perspective of the war. They were often shot down but when they were still in good shape, they were extremely fatal with machine guns and bombs.

1916- The British introduced the armored tank

In 1916, Britain also used a different perspective, only this time, they were from a tank. Tanks were almost indestructible during this time. They held large ammunition and played a huge factor in the war.

1917- American Loans with allies was over 2 billion dollars

By 1917, American Loans to the allies totaled at 2 billion dollars. If the allies win, they would most likely get paid back, if not, we'd be in bad shape. Some places in the Midwest favored German and sent 27 million to the triple alliance.

1917- (January) America intercept the Zimmerman telegram

In January of 1917, Zimmerman sent a telegram promising American land to Mexico if they would declare war on the United States.

1917 - (Feb 3-March 21) Germans Restart U-Boat attacks sink 7 more American ship

From February 3-March 21 of 1917, The restart of U-Boat attacks sink 7 more American ships. This became known as unrestricted warfare. Leaders believed that they could starve Britain into submission. Germans figured that America wouldn't have time to get a military together before the war was over.

1917- (April 2) President Wilson petitions for War on Germany

On April 2, 1917, President Wilson petitioned for War on Germany. Congress approves and the US is at war.

1917- Germans started using poison gas

Breaking through enemy lines required new technologies. The Germans first used poison gas in 1917, and the allies soon followed. Gas caused vomiting, blindness, and suffocation. Both sides developed gas masks to counter fumes.

1917- (March) riots broke out in Russia.Nicholas II, the leader of the Russian Empire left his thrown.

In March of 1917, riots broke out in Russia causing Czar Nicholas II, the leader of the Russian Empire, to leave his thrown, causing riots in the empire. Because of this, the Russian revolution began.

1917- (November) Communist government was established

Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik Party seized power and established a Communist government in November 1917.

1917- Australian soldiers load an artillery shell during the Battle of Passchendaele

Old fashion strategies and new technologies (artillery) resulted in terrible destruction.
Many Americans believed their troops would make a difference in the war and that would quickly make an end to the war. Early offensive demonstrated that warfare had changed. Powerful artillery guns placed far behind the front lines hurled huge explosive shells onto the battlefield.

1918- (March 3) Lenin agrees to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany

Lenin agrees to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany on March 3, 1918. Under this treaty Russia gave up the Ukraine, its Polish and Baltic Territories and Finland with the eastern front settled Germany could focus on the west

1918- (March 21) Germany launched its last offense

Germany's last offensive was on March 21, 1918, in which the German's launch a massive gas attack and artillery bombardment along the western front. They were able to strengthen their forces because Russia dropped out of war, they were able to push deep into alley lines by early June they were less than 40 miles from Paris.

1918- (June 1) American and French troops blocked the Germans from Paris

On June 1 American and French troops blocked the German drive from Paris at the town of Chateau-Thierry.

1918- (October) Poland Hungary and Czechoslovakia declare independence

In October of 1918, Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia declared independence, by early November the governments of the Austria-Hungarian empire gave into the allies.

1918- (November 9) Germany became a republic

On November 9 of 1918, Germany became a republic. Then, two days later the government stopped fighting.

1919- (January- june 28) Treaty of Versailles

In 1919, delegates from 27 countries traveled to the peace conference at the Palace of Versailles, near Paris. The treaty with Germany came to be called the Treaty of Versailles. Negotiations lasted around 5 months. Most important participants were known as the, "big Four." They included: Woodrow Wilson(US), David Lloyd George (England), George Clemenceau(France), and Vittorio Orlando(Italy) . Russian representatives were not invited to the conference because they refused to recognize Lennon's government as being legitimate