Explore Europe

All the information about the places you want to go!

The U.K- Economy

The U.K has a great economy, but it wasn't always like that. During WWII the old British industries declined. But because of the North Sea reserves made the country a major producer of oil and natural gas, cities like Birmingham, Glasgow and other cities are also attracting new industries. An important part of Scotland is Silicon Glen. It is called Silicon Glen because of it's many computer and electronics companies. It is also called Glen because it is the Scottish term for valley. Now many people work in service industries like banking, insurance, education and tourism.

The Republic of Ireland- History

Ireland has lots of history! Here is a bit of information. The Irish are the descendants of a group called the Celts. English as well as Irish Gaelic, a Celtic language are the official languages. England conquered Ireland in the 1100s. By the 1600s many of the Irish people became farmers on British land, causing problems as well as religious beliefs. Most of the British were Protestant, while the Irish was Roman Catholic. By the 1840s millions of Irish left for the U.S and other countries because of the bad economy and a potato famine. By 1916 the Irish rebelled. Irish rebels attacked British troops in 1916 at the Easter Rising. At the end of 1921 most of Ireland had broken away from the British, but some countries stayed part of the U.K. The ties between the Republic of Ireland and the British Empire was cut in 1949. Ireland began to control there own government. The president mostly had ceremonial duties. In 1990 the first ever women president was elected. The parliament makes the laws and also chooses a prime minister to lead the country.

Scandinavia

Greenland is a huge island that is part of North America but it is also a territory in Denmark. It has a population of 56,000 and also has it's own government. The natives call the island Kalaallit Nunaat. The capital of the country is Nunaat also called Godthab. Most people are Eskimos or Inuit, so the main economic activity is fishing. Some of the Eskimos also hunt seals and small whales. The interior is icy and uninhabitable. Which means that it is impossible to live on so many live on the northwestern coast in the tundra climate regions.


Lapland is a culture region. The area is populated by the Lapps or Sami, the name they call themselves. The Sami are descendants from hunters who immigrated from Northern Asia. The languages they speak are close to Finnish. The Sami keep hold of there important traditions like reindeer herding. Many of the Sami earn money from tourism.


Denmark is the smallest and the most densely populated region of Scandinavia. Most of Denmark is on the Jutland Peninsula. About 500 other islands make up the country. Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. The capital of Denmark and it's capital is Copenhagen, it is between the Jutland Peninsula and Sweden. 25 percent of the population of 1.4 million live there. About 60 percent of the land is used for farming. Farm products like meat and dairy are important exports. It is also a modern industrial economy. Some industries include food processing, machinery, furniture and electronics.

Northeastern European Countries

Estonia had a long history of Russian control reflected on Estonia now. 30 percent of the population is ethnic Russian. Russia is one of Estonia's most inportant trading partners. Now Estonia is building economic ties with other countries like Finland and they also have cultural ties to each other. Estonian languages is related to Finnish. Most people in both of the countries are Lutherans. Ferries also linked the Estonian capital of Tallinn and Helsinki, Finland's capital.


Latvia is the second largest county of the Baltic countries.It has the highest percentage of ethnic minorities . About 57 percent of the population is Latvian. 30 percent of the population is Russian. The capital called Riga has more than 1 million people. It is the largest urban area in the Baltic countries. The county has strong Scandinavian and Russian influences. It used to be part of the Russian Empire. Part of the county was also ruled by Sweden. Most people are Lutheran which is a religion that has ties with Estonia and Scandinavian countries, also Sweden and Finland are inportant trading partners of Latvia today.


Slovakia's rugged and rural with an income lower than the Czech Republic. They are trying to move towards freer political system but it has been slow, but progress has been being made. Bratislava, the capital is located on the Danube River. The city is the most inportant industrial area and cultural center. Many rural Slovaks moved to Bratislava looking for jobs that pay better. Most of the countries population are Slovaks. But ethnic Hungarians are more than 10 percent of the population.

Southeastern European countries

Slovenia is former Austrian territory. It trades mostly with Western European countries. Most of the population is Roman Catholic and not many ethnic minorities live there. Because of there not being many ethnic groups there is also less fighting after Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia. They center of industry is Ljubljana the countries capital.


Bulgaria or the Republic of Bulgaria is a country that is on the border of the Black Sea. It is the 16th largest country in Europe. The population of about 7.4 million are mostly urbanized. The country has 28 provinces as well. Sofia is there largest city and also the capital. Many commercial and cultural activities happen there. Much of the economy is based off of heavy industry, power engineering and agriculture. They also relay on there natural resources for money. The country changed to a democratic constitution in 1991. The country is an important member of NATO, the European Union, the Council of Europe, and OSCE.


Kosovo is located on the Balkan Peninsula. The capital as well as the largest city is Pristinia. There has been long term tension between the two ethnic group that live there, the Alberian and Serbian population. Most of the province had been broken into two parts which caused violence. That caused the War of Kosovo which lasted from 1998-1999. The war ended when the military invention of NATO forced the Federal republic of Yugoslavia to withdraw Kosovo troupes. They became an independent country in February of 2008. Now the country is one of the two main countries with a Muslim based population.


Moldova or the Republic of Moldova is a landlocked country in the Southeastern part of Europe. It is bordered by Romania and Ukraine . The capital of the country is Chisinau. The country declared their independence in August of 1991 as a part of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The current constitution was adopted in 1994. A part of the Moldovan territory that is located on the east bank of the Dniester has been in control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since the year 1990. Because of the dissolution of the Soviet Union there was a decrease in industrial and agriculture output but Moldova is still the poorest country in Europe. Moldova is a republic country with a president as the head of state and the prime minster is the head of the government. It is a member of the United Nations, the council of Europe, WTO, OSCE,CIS,BSEC, and is planning to join the European Union.