Arabian (Dromedary) Camel

By: John Davis

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Classification Order


Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Mammalia

Order:Artiodactyla

Family:Camelidae

Genus:Camelus

Species :Camelus dromedarius

Evolutionary Relationships

  • Alpacas, Llamas, and Vicugnas

Habitat

  • Dromedary camels live in the desert. Their habitat regions are temperate and terrestrial.

Type of Diet

  • Herbivore
  • Folivore
  • 70% of diet consists of shrubs and forbs
  • They also eat thorny plants, dry grasses, and saltbush
  • Dromedaries need 6-8 times as much salt than other animals because they use it to store water
  • Leaves
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Social Interactions

  • They usually form groups of 2-20 camels
  • Males are the dominant members of the family
  • Males can have one or many mates at a time
  • They aren't aggressive
  • The male of the family walks in between the females to prevent them from confronting each other

How do they move?

  • Dromedary camels walk in a single file line usually with the females taking turns leading and the male bringing up the rear
  • They can run at speeds of 40 mph in short bursts
  • They can sustain speeds of up to 25 mph
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Size and Weight

  • Males weight can range from 800-1320 lbs and their height can range from 5.9-6.6 ft
  • Females weight can range from 660-1190 lbs and their height can range from 5.6-6.2 ft

Endangered Status

  • Dromedary camels are in no danger of becoming endangered
  • Their adaptation to the desert help them thrive and survive

Interesting Facts and Adaptations

  • Dromedary camels have been domesticated for about 3,500 years
  • They can carry large loads for up to 25 miles a day
  • The camels nostrils close to keep sand out of their noses
  • They have long bushy eyebrows and two rows of eyelashes to keep the sand out of their eyes
  • They have large, tough lips to eat the dry and thorny desert vegetation
  • They have think footpads to help them maneuver on the rocky terrain and the desert sand
  • Only has one hump
  • Camels can survive without water for up to 10 months