Phytochemicals

(plant chemicals)

Definition of functional foods & Phytochemicals

Functional Foods: Food that provide specific health benefits beyond their natural nutrition value.

Phytochemicals: Substances found in plants that may fight diseases or cause other health benefits.

Health Benefits

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They protect against:

  • Cancer
  • Age-related Blindness
  • Heart Disease
  • Urinary Tract Infections

Proposed Health Benefits

  • Improve Vision
  • Maintain bone health
  • Maintain Blood Vessel condition
  • Lower Cholesterol
  • Prevent Inflammation

Examples of Phytochemicals

Lycopene: protect against cancer, found in red fruits and veggies like tomatoes and apples.

Anthocyanins: protect against heart disease, found in red, blue, and purple fruits and veggies like blueberries and plums.

Allicin: protects against cancer and heart disease, found in white, tan, and brown fruits and veggies such as garlic and onions.

Indoles: majorly protect against cancer, found in green fruits and veggies such as cabbage and broccoli.