Centenary of the Gallipoli battle

Recognising the many soliders who fought in WW1

are you interested in gaining more information before you go to an anzac service?

The Causes of World War 1

After the death of Archduke Franz Ferdinard of Austria-Hungary, many believed that was the cause of WW1 along with MAIN...

Militarism~ the policy of building up or creating a large military (to have more and better weapons than everyone else

Many countries kept building bigger and better armies to get one better on the opposition.

Alliances~ an agreement between two or more countries to help each other out and to defend each other

The Triple Alliance was between Germany, Austria-Hungarian and Italy. The Triple Entente was between France, Russia and Great Britain.

Imperialism~ a country attempts to extend its power and influence over other counties through diplomacy or military force

The tension between countries increased as some places believed they were better than others, so they wanted to take over more and more places.

Nationalism~ pride in one's country (extreme nationalism- is to believe you are better than other countries and/or people and are willing to defend your country

This was identified to be one of the major causes on the Great War. Nationalism was widespread in Europe in the years leading up to 1914

The Australian involment in the War

The Australians were very excited when they got the opportunity to got to Europe and fight for their country. Australia's Prime Minister at the time said we as a country would support Britain "to the last man and the last shilling". Australia were and still are heavily involved with Britain, meaning that in 1914, when England wanted Australian troops to go over and fight for them, many did. Australia troops fought in 9 battles over the course of World War 1. See Significant Battles for a list of them.

For the women...

Women were not allowed to fight on the ground of WW1, although, some signed up to be women of the Australian Army Nursing Service. This meant that wherever the soldiers fought, the nurses were there the care for them if they were injured. Back home, women also were apart of the Australian Red Cross and the Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau.

Photo below: Nurses during WW1, Source~ Google images

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The significant battles of WW1 for Australians

During World War 1, the Australian troops fought in 9 battles.

  • Gallipoli, Turkey (1915)- very warm summer, very cold winter
  • Fromelles on the Somme, France (1916)- British Empire & France vs German Empire
  • Bullecourt, France (1917)- 2 battles of Bullecourt
  • Messines, Belgium (1917)- this battle was the first time that the 3rd Australian Division saw service on the Western Front
  • Ypres (the battle of Passchedalele), Belgium (1917)- also known as the third battle
  • Hamel Spur, France (1918)- Australia, United States and United Kingdom vs German Empire
  • Mont St Quentin, France (1918)- Australian Victory
  • Peronne, France (1918)- Australia fought against Germany
  • Hindenburg Line, France (1918)- strongest of the Germans army's defence

Impact of the Great War for Australians back home

During the War, the families left back at home would have constantly been worried for their loved ones fighting on the other side of the world. The Great War tore families apart If the husband didn't return from war, the wife would have to take on two rolls which was unlike for women during this time. Businesses would have also been affected as many men fighting would have owned companies/worked in places that would have lost money and workers. After realising that the War was not a great, exciting experience, more like a bloody battle of death, the government tried to introduce conscription. This meant that the government forced men to go to war even though they didn't sign up or didn't want to sign up.

Source Below: A sons letter to his mother back home, Source~ Google images

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Commemorating WW1

The significance of ANZAC Day for Australians

ANZAC Day is a very important day in the Australian Calendar. On the 25th of April 1915 the very eager Australian soldiers got off their boats on the shores of Gallipoli. This marked the first time Australians fought in a war as one. 7779 soldiers lost their lives in the battle. Every ANZAC Day we pause for a minute silence to remember the men while fighting for this great country. The Last Post is also played. We keep in our thoughts the pain they must have endured and honour their spirit. Lest we forget.

Remembrance Day (Armistice)

November 11, Remembrance Day, also know as Armistice, marks the day the War stopped. On the 11th hour on the 11th month 1918 the War was declared over. With the help of America, the Allies won and the war finally came to an end. People who had survived the painful years from 1914-1918 were at last able to return to their families. Every year, we again pause for a minute and remember the many soldiers who gave up their lives for us. This day, along with ANZAC Day, is a huge part of the Worlds History.

Study of History

World War 1 was a very big part of, not just Australia's history, but the whole world. Many students around the world would have an insight on WW1, and many, like the student who wrote this flyer, would be studying WW1 as part of the curriculum.

War Memorials

The main war memorial in Melbourne is the Shrine of Remembrance. This was built between July 1928 and November 1934 to honour of the soldiers who fought in WW1 along with the men, women and children left behind. Around Melbourne there are many RSL's (Returned Services League) which are for the men and women who have come back from war zones. Along the Gallipoli peninsula there are 31 war cemeteries and 21 are in the ANZAC area. All around Gallipoli there are many different memorials such as The Lone Pine and Helles Memorial. 22,000 graves are in Gallipoli's cemeteries, but unfortunately only 9,000 are men who have been identified. The rest of the troops are commemorated with other missing men at memorials such as Hill 60 and Lone Pine.

Adam Brand~ The ANZAC

This song is about the ANZAC's and how they went off to war, and then how they came home a different man. This is a touching song that will always manage to get stuck in our head!!