Ebola Virus Disease

Cause

The disease is found in gorillas, chimpanzees, duikers (small antelope), and domestic pigs. How it was transferred into humans is unknown. Scientists think a species of fruit bats transmitted the disease directly into humans. Ebola is a virus.

Transmition

How the virus is spread form person to person is blood to blood contact. Blood to blood contact also means that blood to body fluids. Such as urine, feces, vomit, semen, saliva, breast milk, or body sweat of the infected.

Symptoms

The symptoms begin with a worsening headache, fever, weakness, muscle and joint pain. From 2-3 days there will be chest pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss. Massive bleeding from the nose, eyes, open soars on the lips. Bleeding from the eyes will cause blindness. Blood may appear in vomit and diarrhea. From 5-6 days, only in fatal cases, you may die.

Treatment

There is no known cure.

  • take care for the immune system
  • keep hydrated
  • keep your blood pressure level
  • treatment of other infections may take place

Prevention

  • avoid places with outbreaks
  • isolate people with the virus
  • wear protective clothing
  • wash your hands a lot
  • avoid blood and body fluids

Incidence

The people who are more likely to get ebola are people who live in Africa and people who travel to Africa. Anyone can really get ebola. It is most likely to to occur in West Africa. the survival rate is 92.1%. It could occur at any time.

Prognosis

The death rate is 7.9%. the treatment affects the prognosis because keeping yourself as healthy as possible, will help you to survive.

Current Events

There is a new outbreak in West Africa, started on January 15th, 2016.

Bibliography

  • Bunch, Bryan H., and Jenny E. Tesar, eds. "Ebola." Diseases. Danbury, CT: Grolier, 2006. 64-65. Print.
  • "Ebola." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2016. Web. 28 Jan. 2016.
  • "Ebola." Margaret Alic, PhD. The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe. 5th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2015. 9 vols.

  • "New Ebola Case Emerges In Sierra Leone." Arabia 2000 (2016):Newspaper Source. Web. 5 Feb. 2016