The Biome of Northeast Minnesota

Coniferous Forest

Big image
(above a typical view of Minnesota's coniferous forests)

(image credit: http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/state_parks/bear_head_lake/index.html)

The Abiotic and Interactions



The coniferous forests of Northeast Minnesota are cool and moist. Soil in the area is shallow and acidic, due to the dropping of pine needles. The large glacial lakes and high amounts of precipitation keep the forests wet and lush. While the geographical location keeps the temperature cool in the summer, and gives rise to harsh winters. The region is known for powerful storms and fires, which ravage the region. In the wake of these disasters the forest is quick to repair itself. The animals here are adapted to the cold, and sport camouflage appropriate to the region. The plants are very hardy, and have the ability to start photosynthesis earlier in the spring.

The Biotic

The three most common types of vegitation are Picea glauca, Abies grandis,and Larixo lariaina
Three animals found in the area are:


Grey Wolf (Canis lupus): A large and predatory canine. It hunts in family groups called packs. The grey wolf has color variations but typically is gray, with muscular withers, and a long bushy tail.


Black Bear (Ursus americanus): Though small for a bear, black bears are still quite large. They sport a shiny black coat over a very powerful body. Being omnivorous, black bears play an important role in the food web.


Walleye (Sander vitreus): Walleyes are a fish present in many of the lakes in the region. Long and sleek, they are popular among many of the fishermen of the region. Walleyes have fins lined with spines and a mouthful of needle sharp teeth.