Eye Cancer

By: Hunter Cunningham

What is Cancer?

The disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Normally, human cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.

What is Eye Cancer?

Melanoma is a type of cancer that develops in the cells that produce melanin the pigment that gives your skin its color. Your eyes also have melanin-producing cells and can develop melanoma. Eye melanoma is also called ocular melanoma.

Questions

1) How many cells do we have in our body?

100 Billion

2) What is a stem cell? How does a liver cell differ from a stomach cell?

A undifferentiated cell of a multi cellular organism that is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of same type.

3) What is a cell’s main purpose in life?

To make up DNA

4) How does cancer get started? (carcinogenesis?)

Cancer starts when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control.

5) What is a mistake in a cell’s genetic information called?

A mutation

6) How does a cell usually deal with these mistakes?

The cell starts to slowly die.

7) What is apoptosis?

The death of cells that occurs as a normal and controlled part of an organism's growth or development.

8) What is the key to preventing and treating cancer?

To prevent or treat cancer you usually go through a cancer treatment.

Citations

Eye melanoma. (n.d.). Retrieved November 16, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/eye-melanoma/basics/definition/con-20027875


What Is Cancer? (n.d.). Retrieved November 16, 2015, from http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/what-is-cancer

More Questions!

What part of the body does it affect?

Its affects the eye.

What specific things/exposures can lead to this type of cancer?

Melanoma of the eye is more common in people with light eyes, people with a lot of moles, and possibly in people who have had too much exposure to sunlight.

What are the symptoms, how do you know you have it? What are the effects?

  • bulging of one eye (apoptosis)
  • total or partial loss of vision or blurred vision.
  • pain in or around your eye, although this is rare.
  • a change in the appearance of the eye or surrounding tissues.

What are the treatments, what is the survival rate for people with this type of cancer?

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Laser therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy

The survival rate is 97%.