World Religions Project
Aubrie Sisk World Geography
Christianity developed out of Judaism, and started in the first century C.E. Christianity started in Christianity is monotheistic which means Christians believe in one God. Their god is called Jesus, and the holy book is the Bible. Major holidays are Easter, Lent and Christmas, and a highly practiced ritual is communion.
Judaism was the religion for the small nation of Hebrews, and is one of the oldest religions. Judaism followers are called Jews, and Jews believe in one god, meaning that Judaism is Monotheistic. Their god is called "YHWH", and we don't know the correct way to pronunciation. The main book of Judaism is the Torah. The Jewish Holidays are Purim, Shabbat, Rosh Hashanah, Days of Awe, Sukkot, Hanukkah, Tu B'Shevat, Pesach, and Yom Kippur. Jewish Rituals are Birth & Naming Ceremonies, Brit Milah, Redemption of the first born, Bar & Bat Mitzvah, Jewish Marriage Traditions, Divorce in Judaism, Chevra Kaddisha, and mourning.
Hinduism has no founder or known date of origin. Followers of Hinduism are called Hindus, and they believe in more than one god, so they are polytheistic. Hindus also believe in meditation and one of their practices is meditation. There are three paths to release, bhaktimarga (devotion path), jnanamarga (philosophy path), karmamarga (action path). Major practices are Ayurveda, Hatha Yoga, Kundalini Yoga, Namaste Greeting, Puja, the Sadhu, and temple rituals. The Hindu texts are Itihasas (history), Puranas (mythology), Dharma Shastras (law codes), Agamas and Tantras (scriptures), and Darshanas (philosophy manual).
Buddhism was founded in 500 BCE, in India by a prince named Siddharta Gautama. Buddhism is popular in the Far East, and in the West. Gautama saw a corpse, an old man, a sick man, and a poor man. Gautama was shocked at the suffering in the world, and left to find enlightenment. Gautama sat beneath a tree, and refused to move until he found enlightenment. A few days later, Gautama rose as Buddha. Buddha was the "enlightened one". There are almost 360 million followers of Buddhism. Buddhists are found all over the world. Buddhist scared books are Pali Canon, Mahayana Sutras, and Tibetan the book of the dead. Buddhists are atheistic, but don't deny the existence of god. Buddhists holidays include Buddhist New Year, Vesak, Sangha Day, Dhamma Day, Observance Day, Kathina ceremony, Festival of Floating Bowls, Elephant Festival, Festival of the Tooth, and Ancestor Day.
Islam is monotheistic, which means that they believe in one god, and the gods name is Allah. Developed in the Middle East 622 C.E. Quran is the scared text of Islam. Islam followers are called Muslims, and pray, study scripture and worship Allah at mosques. There are "Five Pillars" that are the fundamental practices of Islam. The five pillars are a ritual profession of faith, ritual prayer, the zakat (charity), fasting and hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). Islam has expanded to Africa, Asia, Europe and North & South America. Muslims major holidays are Eid Al-Fitr, and Eid Al-Adha. Muslims also participate in fasting, which is called Ramadan.