States Of Matter

Ellie Burch

Solid

Definition : firm and stable in shape; not liquid or fluid


Detail #1 : The particles are linked by strong forces, which pull the particles tightly together.

Detail #2 : It maintains a fixed volume and shape.

Detail #3 : It is not easily compressible.

Liquid

Definition : Flowing freely but of a constant volume.


Detail #1 : It assumes the shape of the part of the container.

Detail #2 : It flows easily.

Detail #3 : It has little free space between particles.

Gas

Definition : An air like fluid substance which expands freely to fill any space available.


Detail #1 : It assumes the shape and volume of its container.

Detail #2 : It is compressible.

Detail #3 : The particles can move past one another.

Plasma

Definition : the colorless fluid part of blood, lymph, or milk, in which corpuscles or fat globules are suspended.


Detail #1 : It is made of electrically charged particles.

Detail #2 : It is strongly influenced by electric and magnetic fields.

Detail #3 : It is a High-ionized gas.

Bose-Einstein Condensate

Definition : It is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero.


Detail #1 : Happens at super low temperatures.

Detail #2 : The atoms in BEC are opposites.

Detail #3 : A large fraction of Bosons occupy the lowest quantum state.


Example: 1. Cold Liquid Helium

2. Nitrogen

3. Oxygen