Mesoamerica - The Inca Empire
When: Date Range, start of civilization until its decline or collapse -Laramie
Religion: Monotheistic/Polytheistic, giving examples of each -Laramie
Gods/Goddesses include: Inti (God of the Sun), Mama Quilla (Goddess of the moon), Pachamama (Goddess of Earth), Viracocha (God who created the Earth), and Supay (God of Death)
Social Classes: Give their Social Hierarchy, Social Pyramid -Brennon
-two main classes.
-consisted of Priests, Government Officials
-consisted of farmers, artisans, and servants
-unlike the upper class the lower had little education, the parents did all the teaching.
Economy/Trade - Caleb
Art/Architecture: Give examples of both, what they were made of, etc.
Where (MAP): General Location w/ a map
Agriculture: What did they grow and how did they grow it -Laramie
Livestock: llama and alpaca herds. Provided meat, wool, leather, and transportation.
-Developed a massive farming apparatus where crops and herds were commandeered from conquered peoples. Storage facilities also helped gain success.
Achievements - Caleb
Because they counted on everything a conquered tribe owned, they needed a way to remember everything they had counted. This led to the invention of the "quipus". The quipus had colored strings tied to a main string. The color of the strings and the distance between the knots told a story.
The Incas had two calendars, a solar calendar and a lunar calendar. The Solar Calendar counted 365 days, this calendar was used for economic activities such as agriculture, mining, warfare and construction. The Lunar Calendar was used to mark all the festivals, since this calendar was based on the moon it only had 328 days. There was about a 37 day difference between the two calendars.
The Mita System was a major achievement of the Inca Government. In this system all the people worked for the Government for a certain amount of time. Once a person turned 15 years old, it became obligatory for them to participate in the Mita. It was mandatory for a person until they became 50 years old. When people were engaged in war, their fields were cultivated by Mita People. This allowed soldiers to go to war knowing that their fields would be taken care of and their family would be well fed and clothed.
Government - Caleb
The Inca rulers were venerated by the Incas, who considered them demigods, persons with deep connection with the gods. The Incas called their rulers "Sapa", which meant "The Only One" and also "Apu", which meant "Divinity". Inca rulers were highly respected since Incas believed they "had a deep connection with the gods."
The Supreme Rule of the Inca was called the "Sapa Inca". He and his royal family in Cuzco were the top of Inca hierarchy. The heads of state and church were all members of the royal family. Another key to the success of the Inca was their modern government organization. Pachacuti was the very first man to set up a great empire system and it started to run very well. They had four quarters headed by four Apos, who were just below the King. Every quarter was made up of several provinces ran by officials. The system was hierarchial and administered by a well developed bureaucracy that collected tribute and distributed it.
Decline/Collapase: How did the civilization disappear -Brennon
1525 A.DThe decline of the Incas was due to the following reasons.
-many civil wars