World religions project

Christianity

Christianity

Christians believe that there is only one God, (monotheistic) whom they call Father as Jesus Christ taught them. Christians recognize Jesus as the Son of God who was sent to save mankind from death and sin. Jesus Christ taught that he was Son of God. His teachings can be summarized, briefly as the love of God and love of one's neighbor. Jesus said that he had come to fulfill God's law rather than teach it. The holy book for Christians is called the Bible.

Christmas is the celebration of that is observed on December 25. Religious observances of Christmas center around special worship services, which are characterized by the extensive use of candlelight and are often held at midnight. In Bethlehem, Midnight Mass is celebrated at the place of Jesus' birth in the ancient church of the nativity. Another popular semi-religious observance is singing Christmas carols, both in church and door-to-door in one's neighborhood.




Islam

The single most important belief in Islam, and arguably the central theme of Islam, is that there is one God. TheMuslim name for God is Allah The Muslims believe that God is the all-powerful Creator of a perfect, ordered universe. He is transcendent and not a part of his creation, and is most often referred to in terms and with names that emphasize his majesty and superiority. Among the 99 Beautiful Names of Godthe Qur'an are: the Creator, the King of Kingship and the Lord of the Worlds. Like Christianity, Islam teaches the continued existence of the soul and a transformed physical existence after death. Muslims believe there will be a day of judgment when all humans will be divided between the eternal destinations of Paradise and Hell. the world will be destroyed and Allah will raise all people and jinn from the dead to be judged.

The Last Day is also called the Day of Standing Up, Day of Separation, Day of Reckoning, Day of Awakening, Day of Judgment, The Encompassing Day or The Hour.

Until the Day of Judgment, deceased souls remain in their graves awaiting the resurrection. However, they begin to feel immediately a taste of their destiny to come. Those bound for hell will suffer in their graves, while those bound for heaven will be in peace until that time. In important holiday in Islam is Ramadan. Muslims fast for 30 days in remember of all people who are the less fortunate. The fasting lasts from 6:00 am to 8:00 pm. We then open the fast by eating a good meal.


Buddaism

Buddhism is a religion indigenous to the Indian subcontinent that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha, meaning "the awakened one". The Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help end their suffering through the elimination of ignorance by way of understanding and the seeing of dependent origination and the elimination of desire and thus the attainment of the cessation of all suffering, known as the sublime state of

Two major branches of Buddhism are generally recognized: Theravada and Mahayana. Theravada has a widespread following in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar etc.). Mahayana is found throughout East Asia (China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan etc.) and includes the traditions of Pure Land, Zen, . While Buddhism remains most popular within Asia and India, both branches are now found throughout the world. Estimates of Buddhists worldwide vary significantly depending on the way Buddhist adherence is defined. Estimates range from 350 million to 1.6 billion, with 350–550 million the most widely accepted figure. Buddhism is also recognized as one of the fastest growing religions in the world.