The French Revolution
What Was It?
It was a rebellion against King Louis XIV. It happened in France. It lasted from 1787-1799.
What Caused It?
There was a struggle for leadership. There was a conflit between Monarchy and the hability over the "reform" of the tax system that led to bankruptcy. The impulse to refrom intensified political conflicts. There was antagonism between the aristocracy (small group rules) and the bourgeoisie (the middle class). Louis XIV was an innefective ruler that led to the revolution. There was economic hardship when poverty and famine increased.
Who Was Involved?
The lower class and middle class were against the upper class, which included King Louis XIV. The majority of the people were peasants. The lower class didn't like the upper class because they were rich and very ignorant. The upper class was living in luxury while the lower class was so poor they couldnt even afford bread to eat. The lower and middle class were tired of being treated unfairly by the King. The lower class wanted food, and the middle class wanted equal rights from being excessively taxed. The upper class wantd to keep it's power.
What Were The Results?
As a result of The French Revolution, feudalism was abolished. There was religious tolerance. There were state schools. Citizens obtained the right to question or criticize the government. There was a right for them to vote for their ruler. The new title of citizens replaced old titles because of the equality of the people. The French now had a sense of nationalism.
What Were the Lasting Effects?
Lasting effects were that it inspired other revolutions in Latin America. French public schools were built. The Napoleonic Code was enforced in France. It basically said that all people were equal, they could have freedom of religion, and government jobs go to most qualified.