Dwight D. Eisenhower

34th President 1953-1961

Campaign

Eisenhower was heavily, and successfully, persued by members of the Republican party to run for president in 1952. He had no trouble securing the nomination due to his status as a war hero, his strategically selected vice president, Richard M. Nixon, who ballanced Eisenhower's advanced age, and the famous campaign slogan, "I Like Ike." In the general election, he campaigned relentlessly in the south, which earned his landslide victory against Adlai Stevenson

Forign Policies

One of the first things Eisenhower did once in office was threaten nuclear war with China after they began to build up troops in Kaesong. The Chinese decided to back down. Eisenhower also managed to secure an armistance between North and South Korea, which remains today. These events were a part of Eisenhower's plan to stop the spread of Communism in East Asia, a result of what he called the dominoe effect.


In 1957, the Eisenhower Doctrine was delivered by Eisenhower and stated that America would come to the economic aid of friendly Middle Eastern countries being attacked by other nations. This, of course, was another attempt to counter the Soviet Union, who had increased interest in converting the Middle East to Communism to aquire much need oil. This was a direct result of the Suez Crisis

Interstate Highway System

In 1956, Eisenhower signed the Federal Aid Highway Act, saying that it was crucial to national security. The reasoning was that, because large cities would be ideal targets for Soviet nuclear strikes, a speedy way of evacuation would be necessary. The major influence for the roadway was the German autobahns he encountered during World War II, noting that it greatly eased the movement of troops and vehicles. This is regarded as Eisenhower's most endearing endeavor.

Civil Rights

Eisenhower took a very strong stance on civil rights, particularly in the desegregation of the military and federal government. His belief was that the military and Washington D.C. would serve as shining examples of racial unity and lead the rest of the nation. Eisenhower famously took control of the Arkansas National Guard when the state refused to desegregate their public schools.