The Indigenous in the Americas
Part II: The Mississippian Culture
The Mississippian Culture
*Dwellings: There were orderly rows of dwellings around the plaza and others beyond the town in smaller villages, farmsteads and hunting camps.
*Houses were made of wattle and daub and were rectangular. Some towns were fortified with earthen walls and some with tall, log stockades.
*River Towns: There were river towns that became large trade centers that were stable communities.
*The townspeople became dependent on farming, raising maize, beans, squash and pumpkins; they also developed food storage methods that allowed them to live comfortably all year.
*The Mississippians supplemented their cultivation with fish, mussels and hunting.
*They developed agricultural practices, culture and a social organization that was learned from the sharing of ideas and techniques through trade with people in Central and South America.
*Shells: Shells were an important part of the economy of river towns' people.
*Copper: Copper from the Upper Peninsula of present-day Michigan was considered sacred and was important for the creation of important ceremonial objects.
Communities like this were common in the Mississippian Culture.
The Mississippian peoples lived in these areas of the present-day Mississippi Valley.
Another Example of a Mississippian Settlement
Another example of a community in the Mississippi Valley
A mound in Ohio
An example of Mississippian pottery
An example of the thatched roof houses that the indigenous lived in