Down syndrome

Lea Hodgson

Definition

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder due to abnormal cell division results in extra genetic material from chromosome 21. In the U.S 1 in 700 babies are born with Down syndrome each year. The National Down Syndrome Society discovered more than 400,000 people have Down syndrome in the U.S.

Signs & Symtoms


  • Flattened facial features
  • Small head
  • Short neck
  • Protruding tongue
  • Upward slanting eyes
  • Unusually shaped or small ears
  • Short hands with single crease in the palm
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Short height
  • Brushfield spots

Treatment

There is no way to treat this disorder, but there are specialist you or your child could go that would help.

  • Occupational therapist
  • Audiologist
  • Speech therapist
  • Pediatric eye doctor
  • Pediatric neurologist
  • Pediatric cardiologist
  • Pediatric ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist
  • Development pediatrician
  • Pediatric gastroenterologist

Prognosis

Down syndrome patients have many complications that could become prominent the older they get.

Some of those complications may include:

  • Obesity
  • Dementia
  • Heart defects
  • Leukemia
  • Sleep apnea
Plus more problems such as thyroid problems, hearing loss, seizures, ear infections, and more.

Personal statement

The reason I picked Down syndrome is so i could learn about a disorder I didn't know much about. I wanted to know all the symptoms and how this disorder could affect my community. I also wanted to know how to keep a child with Down syndrome safe and healthy. I am now aware of all the specialist you should go to and all the symptoms.

Citations


Down syndrome ." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 19 Apr. 2014. Web. 9 Dec. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/down-syndrome/basics/definition/con-20020948>


"Down syndrome." March of dimes. March of dimes , July 2009. Web. 8 Dec. 2015. <http://www.marchofdimes.org/complications/down-syndrome.aspx>