Famous People of the Middle Ages
The important ones that will be on the SOL
William the Conqueror
William the conqueror, also known as William I, was born on 1027 in Falaise, France. He died on September 9th, in Rouen, France. During his time he was the first Norman King of England. He was born to Robert II of Normandy and Herleve. He was the father to four sons and six daughters.
William was apart of the Battle of Hastings against the Norwegian ruler Harald III Hardraade. This battle took place on October 14th, with William the victor. He spent the next six years taking down an invasions against his rule. He took the Anglo-Saxon land and gave it to his soldiers. A quote said about him is "He was great in body and strong, tall in stature but not ungainly."
The Domesday was created as a survey in England to help create a taxing system. The book holds all the records of these.
William the Conqueror was of Viking decent. His decisions on many matters were violent because of this background. William had taken control of England and was a ruler from 1066 to 1087. He shaped England's feudal system so he and other people of higher stature had the supreme power.
Depiction of a battle with William the Conqueror on The Bayeux Tapesty, one of the most famous artifacts from the Middle Ages.
Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc was born on January 6th, 1412. She died on May 30th, 1431. She was burned at the stake. She died at the age of 19. She was also known as "Maid of Orleans". She believed that God had talked to her through visions and hearings. She is a symbol of French patriotism.
Joan of Arc Painting
This is a painting of her because the only photo of her did not survive throughout the years.
One of the battles Joan of Arc was apart of was the Battle of Orleans. This is where she got her name "Maid of Orleans". She was only 15 when she lead French soldiers into battle. She led them to victory over the English. She also helped Charles VII become the king of France. One of the reasons she was burned at the stake was because she wore pants. "Who wears the pants in this relationship, I guess it's not me.."
Joan of Arc at the Stake
This is a picture of Joan burning at the stake at the young age of 19.
Joan of Arc was believed to have talked to God. She said that he communicated through visions and voices in her head. She was also to have had some anger management problems. She helped shape the French army and becoming a Catholic Saint in the French patriotism.
Statue of Joan of Arc
This is a statue of Joan of Arc located in the Notre-Dame in Paris, France.
King John, or John Lackland, was the king of England from 1199 until the day he died. He was born on December 24th, 1166 and died on October 18th 1216. He was the youngest of five sons. After his eldest brothers land had fallen, he became his fathers favorite and inherited a lot more land than expected.
This is a Funerary effigy of King John.
King John's father was Henry II and his second wife was Eleanor of Aquitaine. He hated her, and tired to kill her. He had won the Battle of Hastings. It takes him ten months to destroy Harold, the ruler, but he succeeds. In the year 1215, a group of nobles go against him and attempt to kill him. " Maybe if my father stuck to one wife I would not try to kill the second one."
One of only four surviving pages of the 1215 text.
One of the things that King John was known for was the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta states that he could not collect taxes from nobles without their approval. Also take their property without paying for it. He was forced to accept this new rule or he would be killed.
King Johns Family
This is a picture of his family.