Government, Economy, Culture, and Geography
The conventional long form Republic of Indonesia,the conventional short form of Indonesia local long form Republic of Indonesia, and local short form Indonesia control former Netherlands, East Indies, Dutch and,, East Indies. the Government type is republic. the Capital name is Jakarta geographic. there is a time diference of 12 hours Standard Time.indonisia is divided into three provinces.2 special regions(daerah and rah istimewa), and 1 special capital city district (daerah khusus ibukota) Citizens of indonesia must be at least 17 to vote .
Indonesia, a vast polyglot nation, grew an estimated 6.1% and 6.4% in 2010 and 2011, respectively. The government made economic advances under the first administration of President YUDHOYONO (2004-09). Introduced significant reforms in the financial section, this including tax and customs reforms, the use of Treasury bills, and capital market development and supervision. During the global financial crisis, Indonesia outperformed its regional neighbors and joined China and India as the only 20 states posting growth in 2009. The government has promoted fiscally conservative policies, resulting in a debt-to-GDP ratio of less than 25%, a fiscal deficit below 3%, and historically low rates of inflation. They grew their investment grade in December of 2011. Indonesia still struggles with poverty and unemployment, corruption, a complex regulatory environment, and unequal resource distribution among regions. The government in 2013 faces the on going challenge of improving Indonesia and appose insufficient infrastructure to remove impediments to economic growth, labor unrest over wages, and reducing its fuel subsidy program in the face of high oil prices. GDP (purchasing power parity) are in detp $1.212 trillion in country comparison to the world is $1.143 trillion.
Ethnic groups are Javanese (40.6%), Sundanese (15%), Madurese (3.3%), Minangkabau (2.7%), Betawi (2.4%), Bugis (2.4%), Banten (2%), Banjar (1.7%), other or unspecified (29.9%) (2000 census)Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese)Religions are, Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census)Population: 248,645,008.
occasional floods, severe droughts, tsunami, earthquakes, volcanoes, forest fires, and volcanism are all threats Indonesia are in danger of.Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active; significant volcanic activity occurs on Java, western Sumatra, the Sunda Islands, Halmahera Island, Sulawesi Island, Sangihe Island, and in the Banda Sea; Merapi (elev. 2,968 m), Indonesia's most active volcano and in eruption since 2010, has been deemed a "Decade Volcano" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Agung, Awu, Karangetang, Krakatau (Krakatoa), Makian, Raung, and Tambora Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific OceanGeographic coordinates: 5 00 S, 120 00 EMap references: Southeast Asia Area: total: 1,904,569 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 15 land: 1,811,569 sq km water: 93,000 sq km Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the size of TexasLand boundaries: total: 2,830 kmborder countries: Timor-Leste 228 km, Malaysia 1,782 km, Papua New Guinea 820 km Coastline: 54,716 kmMaritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselinesterritorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm Climate: tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlandsTerrain: mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountainsElevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 mhighest point: Puncak Jaya 4,884 m Natural resources: petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, these are all natural resorses.