Vietnam War

Preston Figge and Chase Poole

Cold War

Dispute between the U.S. and Russia. U.S. wanted to stop the spread of communism and Russia wanted to do the opposite. The United States and Russia competed to be the most superior country in the world.

Containment

Containment in this topic means to contain communism in Russia. It was the goal of the U.S during the cold war.

DMZ

Demilitarize zone is where military isn't allowed.

Domino Theory

Once a country falls to communism the countries around it will fall too until everybody is communist.

Draft

Is when people are automatically entered into the military once they are 18 and aren't in college.

General William Westmoreland

Commanded U.S. military operations in the Vietnam war (1964–68), including during the 1968 Tet offensive. He adopted a strategy of attrition against the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese Army. He later served as U.S. Army chief of staff from 1968 to 1972.

Ho Chi Minh

Vietnamese communist revolution leader.

My Lai Massacre

A massacre of south Vietnamese citizens by US soldiers. Fueled the people who did not want US to be involved in the war. Men, women, children, and infants were murdered and some women were gang raped.

National Liberation Front

Created to over through the south vietnam government and to reunify the vietnams.

Ngo Dinh Diem

First president of South Vietnam.

Pentagon Papers

Is the U.S. history in Vietnam since 1945.

Tet Offensive

One of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam war led by the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese Army against the forces of South Vietnam, the U.S., and its allies.

Viet Cong

These were Communist Vietnamese troops who fought against the south and the U.S in the war.

Vietnamization

Was a policy for the U.S. to end involvement in Vietnam, but they trained south vietnamese soldiers and decreased there troops.

Most Important Events In Vietnam War

August 1950 — Truman sends first military advisers to Vietnam
May 1954 — North Vietnamese prevail at Dien Bien Phu
July 21, 1954 — Geneva Conference splits Vietnam at the 17th parallel
1961 — JFK initiates Operation Farm Gate and sends Green Berets to Vietnam
November 2, 1963 — deposed South Vietnamese President Diem is assassinated
June 1964 — William Westmoreland put in control of U.S. military forces
August 1964 — Gulf of Tonkin incident
1965-1968 — Operation Rolling Thunder airstrikes
1966 — Operation Van Buren at Phu Yen marks beginning of “search and destroy”
1968 — Tet offensive touches off widespread protests in the United States
November 1969 — news of My Lai massacre breaks
May1970 — Kent State tragedy
1971-1973 — U.S. troop withdrawal from Vietnam
April 21, 1975 — South Vietnamese President Thieu resigns
July 2, 1976 — North and South Vietnam unified under communist rule

Most Important

North and south unified is the most important event because it ended the war and it made it completely communist and a single country.

Second Most important

Truman sending military advisors to south Vietnam is important because it sparked the conflict between communism and democracy. U.S. first involvement in the south Vietnam war.

Third most important

The U.S. withdrawing from the war is important because it let south Vietnam lose and end the war for the U.S.

The Gulf of Tonkin Incident

Congress gave the president the power to defend and keep the US safe, as well as prevent future assaults. We did not declare war because 2 senators did not agree. As public resistance to the "war" heightened, the resolution was repealed in 1971.

Chase's synopsis

David was drafted into the army at the age of 18. He quickly rose up in the ranks and one day his entire platoon was killed in a fire. He has guilt of their deaths. He was glad to be back in the US and alive, but everyone in the US hated him.

Preston's Synopsis

Mike is a corpsman with survivors guilt. He doesn't understand why he lived and others didn't. He doesn't think he deserves the title "Doc". Half of the corpsman died.

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