Bill of Rights
by Nicholas Hernandez, Period 5, December 17, 2014
What are the Bill of Rights?
First Amendment: FREEDOM!! (of speech and stuff)
The first amendment allows the people freedom of speech. You can write, say, etc., anything you want. If you have a problem, speak up.
Court Cases: Miller v. California
The court decided that if a book, magazine, etc., can be judged. If it has serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value, it isn't obscene.
Second Amendment: Rights to Bare Arms
Adults may have to serve as soldiers if there is a war. People are allowed to have weapons.
Court Case: Bliss v. Commonwealth
First major court over the second amendment. Bliss was fined $100 for carrying a sword in his cane in public.
Third Amendment: Right to Your Property, Yo!
No soldier will or shall barge into your home for food, shelter, etc.
Court Cases: Henderson v. Nevada Police
Nevada Police arrests family for not allowing them have officers use their homes for lookouts.
Fourth Amendment: Unreasonable Speech
The law can't come into your house without permission. They need a search warrant first.
Court Cases: Arizona v. Evans
Court found the warrant, but it was issued as an error. It was a mistake in the official database.
Fifth Amendment: Self incrimination
A grand jury has to decide if you have enough evidence for a capital crime. Can't take away your stuff without a fair trial.
Court Cases: Barron v. Baltimore
First Supreme Court case ever. Baltimore did not pay for damages on private property.
Sixth Amendment: Rights of the Accused In Criminal Cases
If charged, trial should be soon. You should not be in jail for along time without trial. The jury decides your innocence.
Court Cases: Pointer v. Texas
There was a question about the sixth amendment to confront a witness. John Harlem was salty that the court was not being fair with legal processes.
Seventh Amendment: Right to Jury Trial
No case can be brought up in another court.
Court Cases: Feltner v. Columbia Pictures Television
Columbia Pictures Television executed many television series. They were owned by C. Elvin Feltner. The jury denied to have a jury trial for the situation.
Eighth Amendment: Fair Consequences
Your punishment must be equivalent to the crime committed.
Court Cases: Weems v. United States
First time the Supreme Court overturned a criminal sentence. It was believed to have an inflicted cruel and unusual punishment.
Ninth Amendment: Rights Restraned by the People
You have more rights other than this list. Government can't take them away.
Court Cases: Griswold v. Connecticut
This case did not involve violation of privacy directly. It was standing up for the rights of privacy for others and marriage.
Tenth Amendment: Limiting Federal Powers
If your states says its not illegal, then you can do it.
Court Cases: Hammer v. Dagenhart
Children did free labor and had full time jobs in dangerous factories. These laws appeared in the mid 1800s. When bill was passed, factory owners were mad.