Puerto Rico

By: Monica Latham

Location

Puerto Rico is an island between the Carribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean and it is east of the Dominican Republic. The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan and the current population in 2011 is 3,706,690.


Are Puerto Ricans Americans?

Puerto Ricans are US citizens because of a US Congress law passed in 1917, and not just simply because the island of Puerto Rico is a US territory. This law is called the Jones-Shafroth Act. The freedom to live and work in the US mainland. The widely spoken language in the island is Spanish, whether at home, school or work. English is also spoken, but not widely. Regarding language fluency, the majority of Puerto Ricans speak fluent Spanish and about a quarter can also speak fluent English.


Favorite Sport

Puerto Rico's favorite sport is baseball. Puerto Rico has a winter baseball team with a devoted following of fans. Some consider baseball to be the most popular sport on the island.


Currency

The currency of Puerto Rico is the United States Dollar (USD).


Music/Dance

Puerto Rico is known for there traditional and folk music/dancing. In Puerto Rico, music can always be heard and is often at the center of an event. Based on the native influences and the traditions from Spanish romantic ballads, the folk music of Puerto Rico was born. The most popular songs in this genre come from jibaros, rural islanders who live in the mountains. The use of string istruments like the cuatro, and several types of percussion set the backdrop for these lyrical performances.


Puerto Rico's famous plates

The aroma that wafts from kitchens throughout Puerto Rico comes from adobo and sofrito -blends of herbs and spices that give many of the native foods their distinctive taste and color. Adobo, made by crushing together peppercorns, oregano, garlic, salt, olive oil, and lime juice or vinegar, is rubbed into meats before they are roasted. Sofrito, a potpourri of onions, garlic, coriander, and peppers browned in either olive oil or land and colored with achiote (annatoo seeds), imparts the bright-yellow color to the island's rice, soups, and stews.