The Moon's Light
The Moon doesn't make its own light. It reflects light from the Sun, Then it bounces on to Earth.
The Moons Phases
The Moon rotates around the Sun and the sun hits it at an angle, Now it looks different in our point of view. The phases of the moon are new moon, crescent moon, quarter moon, half moon, three quarters, crescent moon, and last of all full moon.
The Moons Craters
Craters are from rock crashing onto the Moon and leaving a very big dent. The rock chunk is big enough that we can see it from earth.