The Mosquitoe Death! Well.. Maybe Not "Death."
By Lance Thomas
What is Malaria and what does it infect?
Types of Malaria
- Malaria mortality rates have fallen by 42% globally since 2000, and by 49% in the WHO African Region.
- Most deaths occur among children living in Africa where a child dies every minute from malaria.
- Malaria mortality rates among children in Africa have been reduced by an estimated 54% since 2000.
- The mortality rate is about 450,000 a year in children alone.
Traditional Doctor Method For Testing For Malaria
Stained Blood FilmsThe accepted laboratory practice for the diagnosis of malaria is the preparation and microscopic examination of blood films stained with Giemsa, Wright’s, or Field’s stain (69). Blood obtained by pricking a finger or earlobe is the ideal sample because the density of developed trophozoites or schizonts is greater in blood from this capillary-rich area (17). Blood obtained by venipuncture collected in heparin or Sequestrine (EDTA) anticoagulant-coated tubes is acceptable if used shortly after being drawn to prevent alteration in the morphology of white blood cells (WBC) and malaria parasites. Both thick and thin blood films should be prepared.
YES, THERE IS A CURE!!!
Treatment of malaria depends on many factors including disease severity, the species of malaria parasite causing the infection and the part of the world in which the infection was acquired. The latter 2 characteristics help determine the probability that the organism is resistant to certain antimalarial drugs. Additional factors such as age, weight, and pregnancy status may limit the available options for malaria treatment.
Most drugs used in treatment are active against the parasite forms in the blood (the form that causes disease) and include:
- atovaquone-proguanil (Malarone®)
- artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem®)
- mefloquine (Lariam®)
- doxycycline (used in combination with quinine)
- clindamycin (used in combination with quinine)
- artesunate (not licensed for use in the United States, but available through the CDC malaria hotline)
To prevent mosquito bites, follow these guidelines:
- Stay inside when it is dark outside, preferably in a screened or air-conditioned room.
- Wear protective clothing (long pants and long-sleeved shirts).
- Use insect repellent with DEET (N,N diethylmetatoluamide). The repellent is available in varying strengths up to 100%. In young children, use a preparation containing less than 24% strength, because too much of the chemical can be absorbed through the skin.
- Use bed nets (mosquito netting) sprayed with or soaked in an insecticide such as permethrin or deltamethrin. But make sure that these insecticides still work against the mosquitoes where you are. In some areas, mosquitoes have become resistant to permethrin and deltamethrin. So the bed nets do not offer much protection.4
- Use flying-insect spray indoors around sleeping areas.
- Avoid areas where malaria and mosquitoes are present if you are at higher risk (for example, if you are pregnant, very young, or very old).