Unit 2 Vocab

By: Heaven Marie Navarro

Upton Sinclair

was a popular author around 1943 who wrote over 100 books

Henry Ford

was the founder of Ford motor company and perfected the assembly line

JP Morgan

was an incredibly powerful banker during his era who helped finance railroads, organize US steel, General Electric, and many other successful companies

John D Rockefeller

co-founded the Stanford Oil Company that dominated business in the US and became the richest fella ever

William Taft

served as a jurist, statesman, 27th president of the United States, and 10th Chief of Justice of the United States

Theodore Roosevelt

aka "Teddy"; was an American statesman, author, explorer, soldier, naturalist,and was the 26th president of the United States

Thomas Edison

was an Inventor and businessman who developed the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting electric light bulb

Andrew Carnegie

was an industrialist who led the expansion of the American Steel Industry

William Tweed

aka "Boss"; was known for being the boss at Tammy Hall

Jacob Riis

was a journalist and social documentary photographer

Cornelius Vanderbilt

was a magnate and philanthropist who built his fortune with railroads and shipping.

Samuel Gompers

was a cigar maker who gomped the position of the Georgia Labor Union Leader


were rundown and overcrowded apartments that were really gross and tiny.

Ellis Island

is an island in upper New York that used to be used for Immigrant Examinations

Political Machine

A political machine is an organization in which a small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses who receive rewards for their efforts; the machine's power is based on the ability of the workers to get out of the vote


was a mindset that the indigenous cultures must be preserved and that immigrants were a bad thing

Children's Bureau

was organized in 1912 for children and families

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

was a "competition law" passed by Congress in 1890

Horizontal Integration

is when a company creates production units for outputs which are competitive

Vertical Integration

is when a company owns each business that is needed in making their product

Gilded Age

The period in the US characterized by an expanding economy; the name "gilded" references the fact that everything seemed nice on the surface but was something different underneath

Ethnic Enclaves

is a neighborhood with a high ethnic concentration and cultural identity

Social Darwinism

Inspired by Darwinism; was used to justify ruthless business acts as "survival of the fittest"


was the process of integrating others into the "american lifestyle"


was a search for alleged corruption and scandal in politics

Populist Party

was allied with the labor movement and highly critical of capitalism

American Industrial Revolution

was a revolution of industry that brought about social and economical changes

Meat Inspection Act

was passed to make sure meat was sanitary and unadulterated


asserted advancements in science and technology

16th Amendment

allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it; among the states or basing it on the United States Census

17th amendment

says that the Senate shall be composed of 2 senators per state

18th Amendment

forbid consumption of alcohol

19th Amendment

forbids the denying of citizen's right to vote based on gender or sex

Interstate Commerce Commision

was a regulatory agency in the US established in 1887


is a large business with significant power

Robber Baron

a ruthless industrialist that were known for mistreating workers and exploiting natural resources

Social Gospel Movement

was a religious movement that stressed incorporating Jesus into everyday life

Laissez Faire

means the government won't interfere with business transactions

Gospel of Wealth

was written by Andrew Carnegie and describes the new responsibility of the self-made upper classman
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