Lithium

highly reactive

Description

Lithium is silvery-white, a metal, and the atomic number is 3

Basic Info

  • Symbol-Li
  • Atomic number-3
  • Atomic weight-6.49
  • Group-1
  • Period-2
  • color-silvery white/grey
  • classification-metallic

History

Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfvedson in the year 1817 in Stockholm Sweden and the Greek word for lithium is lithos which means stone

Biology and Geology roles

  • no biological role
  • igneous rocks contain lithium
  • there are many deposits around the world and is abundant

Uses

  • medicine for manic depression disorder
  • lubricants
  • alloys for aircraft
  • high electrochemical potential batteries

Properties

  • Lithium is highly reactive
  • has a boiling point of 2448 F
  • a solid

Interesting facts

  • Least dense metal
  • does not occur as a pure element because it is very reactive
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