Early Ojibwe


Winter Survival

When Winter rolls around the Ojibwe families would isolate themselves from other Ojibwe families because game was scarce in the Winter. The men and boys would hunt away from home for days at a time. They hunted large animals such as moose, deer, and elk. They would also trap smaller animals. When families had an abundant amount of food, the women would cut the extra meat into strips and dry them over a fire to be eaten later. While the men and boys hunted, the women and girls would cook all the meals. They would also make jackets, leggings, moccasins, and other mandatory clothing items from animal hides.

Winter Activities

When children were finished with their daily chores, they had many activities they would participate in to stay entertained. They would slide down hills on toboggans and tree bark. They would also race each other through the woods wearing snowshoes that they tied to their feet. Another Winter activity would be playing a game called snow-snake. Snow-snake was a competition to reveal who could slide a wooden pole across the snow for the longest distance. Also young children would gather around a fire while their elders told stories that had been passed down through many generations. This is also called oral history.

Ojibwe Man on Snowshoes