Westward Expansion/Reform

Test Wednesday, March 5, 2014

Manifest Destiny becomes a reality with the Industrial Revolution and Political Vision

Erie Canal: Water Super Highway

Transportation and Economics: Erie Canal is built in New York. This modern marvel of the 19th century connects the Hudson River to the Great Lakes (Lake Erie) resulting in ease of transportation of goods to and from the Midwest. The canal also made moving west easier for those following Manifest Destiny.
The Erie Canal

Oregon Trail: Highway to the West

Basic Facts About the Oregon Trail

During eight decades in the 1800s the Oregon Trail served as a natural corridor as the United States moved from the eastern half of the continent toward the west coast. The Oregon Trail ran approximately 2,000 miles west from Missouri toward the Rocky Mountains to the Willamette Valley. A trail to California branched off in southern Idaho. The Mormon Trail paralleled much of the Oregon Trail, connecting Council Bluffs to Salt Lake City.



National Historic Oregon
Trail Interpretive Center

the story of us Oregon Trail

Transcontinental Railroad: The Iron Horse

On May 10, 1869 two railroads connect joining the eastern Union Pacific with the Central Pacific coming from the west. These two railroad combine to make the Transcontinental Railroad.
America: The Story of Us- Heartland Railroads Part One Clip
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Reform: Looks Like Things Are Going to Change Around Here, So Get Ready

Review Your Reform Movement Notes

Temperance- 18th Amendment (Prohibition=no more alcohol) 21st Amendment (Repeal Prohibition)

Prison Reform-Dorthea Dix, Hospitals for the mentally ill

Education Reform-Horace Mann, education for everyone?

Women's Rights-Susan B Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Suffrage, Seneca Falls Convention, Declaration of Sentiments

Labor Reform- Unions, Lowell Mill Girls, Child Labor Laws

Abolitionists- Abolish Slavery, Fredrick Douglas, Harriet Tubman, Uncle Tom's Cabin (Harriet Beecher Stowe), William Lloyd Garrison (The Abolitionists Movement appeals to women and leads them to their own push for Women's Rights)

The Second Great Awakening- Protestant, Revival Meetings, "You must find your salvation"

Transcendentalism- Inner Light

Literature/Poetry- Nathaniel Hawthorn, Edgar Allan Poe, Walt Whitman, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin, The Scarlet Letter

Artists- Hudson River School Artists, John James Adubon

Protest- Civil Disobedience- Henry David Thoreau, Quakers (pacifism)


Industrial Revolution continues to bring change

Eli Whitney-Cotton Gin, Interchangeable parts

McCormics's Reaper & Steel Plow- Farming is easier, requires fewer farm hands, crop production rises.

Factories in the North- Production of manufactured goods becomes easier and cheaper, immigrant labor (Famine in Ireland brings Irish immigrants to US between 1845-1850), urbanization, growing urban middle class, abundant water resources as a source of power and transportation, factories, railroads (Chinese labor builds Transcontinental Railroad then the Chinese Exclusion Acts end all Chinese Immigration to the US), canals, Labor Reform, Unions.

Agriculture in the South- (Plantation Economy) Cash Crops (Cotton) are in great demand, Cotton Gin expands the production ability of southern Plantation Owners (they become VERY wealthy), Slavery expands to meet the need for cotton.

Manifest Destiny Fulfilled

Westward Movement & Land Aquisitions

Election of 1844- Polk runs on the continued idea of Manifest Destiny

Land Acquisitions- Annexation of Texas, Oregon Territory, Mexican Cession, Gadsden Treaty

Gold in California- 49ers

Communication and Transportation Improvements- Samuel Morse- Telegraph, Expanding Railroads, Erie Canal, Steam Boat

Moving West- Groups move West for opportunity (Mormon Settlers, 49ers, Farmers, Pioneer Women, Cowboys). They battle nature (Donner Party), unforeseen hardships, as well as native cultures who are being moved Westward through the Indian Removal act.