By: Kenni Czarnecki and Haley Burke
Why did African American’s go to Freedmen’s Schools?
In the United States before the Civil War people had slaves. Slaves did not get the education like the other people did. But after the Civil War African Americans now had equal rights so that they could be free. Now with their freedom, most African Americans wanted to learn how to read and write. That's what the freedmen’s schools were sit up to do. The adults who went to the Freedmen’s School was because they had a family of their own and learning how to read and write would help them with jobs. Another reason why the adults went to those schools was because they wanted to know how to read and understand their labor contracts and other legal documents. The children who went their, would sometimes come home and teach their parents how to read and write at home. The purpose of these songs was to help set up education for the newly free African Americans.
Where Were Some of the Freedmen’s Schools Located?
One of the earliest Freedmen’s Schools was in June, 1865. Located in Richmond, VA.
The Freedmen’s Bureau, missionary associations and African Americans funded the schools themselves. They had these classes in warehouses, billiard rooms, and in former slave markets. And in other places they held classes in churches or in privates houses.
During reconstruction, out of the 600 teachers in freedmen's school, more than one fifth of them were from Georgia, and fifty of them were white. A quarter of the teachers were African Americans, and more than half were were Georgians, or from Georgia.
Many of the teachers didn't even finish high school, and some of the Norther teachers went to a secondary college. Secondary colleges are community colleges or independent colleges.
Booker T. Washington
Struggles of the freedmen's schools
Success of the freedmen's schools
American History Book Littell