Anthrax

Ben Houselog

Symptoms

There are four types of anthrax: Gastrointestinal, Inhalation, Injection, and Cutaneous

each of these types have symptoms

Gatrointestinal: is when you eat something and it gets inside you the symptoms are:

nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain headache loss of appetite, fever, severe bloody diarrhea, sore throat and a swollen neck.

Inhalation: is when you inhale the disease such as through air the symptoms are: flu- like symptoms, mild chest discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, coughing up blood, painful swallowing, high fever, trouble breathing, shock, and meningitis

Injection: is when the disease gets injected into you the symptoms are: redness at area of injection, swelling, shock, multiple organ failure, and meningitis

Cutaneous: is when the disease enters through a cut the symptoms are: Itchy bump with painless black sore, and swelling in the sore and nearby lymph glands.

Similar diseases

Meningitis is a similar disease because they have similar symptoms

How is disease treated or cured

They run a 60 day of course of an antibiotic called ciprofloacin is the standard treatment for anyone infected with anthrax.

Organ/ organ systems affected

  • Stomach
  • Lungs
  • Skin
  • Respiratory System
  • Digestive System

Prevention

Most of population with Anthrax take antibiotics to help fend off the disease

Bio- Terrorism

Anthrax is a tier 1 disease meaning it can be used for misuse resulting in millions of casualties devastating public health . Anthrax spores are easily found in nature and have been used for a weapon before. It can be put in: powder, drinks, food or anything due to its quiet make up. It can be put in mail carriers, clothes, shoes and expelled from the air of vehicles. It can be detected by monitoring systems or even a doctor can see it for themselves.

Statistics

in 2001 letters containing anthrax spores were sent out to 22 people and all people that received these letters were infected, 22 people were infected while only 5 died it still sent a scare throughout the country

Transmission

spores lie dormant in the dirt until they find hosts. Exposure to infected animals their meat or hides. In 2001 people were sent infected mail filled with spores to everyone.

Causes

  • If you are in the military and deployed to an area with high exposure
  • Work with anthrax in a lab
  • Handle animal skins
  • work with veterinary medicine
  • handle or dress game animals
  • inject illegal drugs such as heroin

Bibliography

Works Cited

Anthrax. Digital image. Bacillusanthracis. Bacillusanthracis, 2014. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.

"Anthrax (malignant Edema, Woolsorters' Disease)." Anthrax (malignant Edema, Woolsorters' Disease). Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

"Anthrax." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 10 June 2014. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.

CDC, CDC. "Anthrax." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 22 July 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.

Cutaneous Anthrax. Digital image. Taj Pharmacueticles. Taj Pharmacueticles. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.

Gang, Thuy. Anthrax Fears in Northern Provinces. Digital image. Saigon. Saigon, 11 Aug. 2011. W