"infant respiratory distress syndrome" April 5th 2016

individuals at risk, causes, Pathophysiology

  • Infants that undergo a premature delivery or are delivered by Caesarean section are at risk to contract IRDS. Diseases and conditions such as hypothermia, perinatal asphyxia, maternal diabetes and multiple pregnancy may cause this secondary infection.
  • Pathology of IRDS is the reduced amount of surfactant in a babies lungs.
  • When surfactant levels are low, the lungs rub the pleura against the lungs. This action causes pain and discomfort.

Causes of IRDS

Signs and symptoms, complications, treatment...

  • Some symptoms of IRDS are tachycardia, hyperventilation, cyanosis, apnea, oliguria, nasal flaring, SOA, shollow unusual breaths.
  • Air or gas may build up outside the lungs, hemorrhage in the brain, hemorrhage in lungs, problems in lung development.
  • Treatment should occur at the time of birth, surfactant should be given, a ventilator should be the last resort because it may cause damage lung tissue
Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome (NRDS)