Sustainable Development Goals

Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Define The Issue!

The issue is when violence, crime, exploitation have a destructive impact on a country's development (high death rates and illegal identities). The goal is to have a peaceful society where there is justice (long lasting solutions). To strengthen law and human rights is key, also this strengthens countries in global governance. By 2030, financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime (Peace and Justice - United Nations Sustainable Development").

Impacts of Physical Geography

Some developing countries that experience peace, justice and institutional issues include; Venezuela, South Sudan, Nigeria, etc. (Numbeo "Crime Index By Country 2016"). Some of these countries (not all) experience a very hot climate, which can relate back to crime because studies show hot climates increase crime rates (Global Journal Of Science Frontier Research: "Climate and Crime"). Landforms are also said to affect crime because outsiders are more likely to disturb on flat plains of land because of easier access and terrain. Rather than land and bodies of water such as mountains, valleys, reservoirs and rivers blocking off outsiders and making access more difficult (Felson,"Crime and Nature").

Impacts of Human Geography

Many countries under conflict and poverty have a poor economy and are not developed therefore they will let other developed countries to pay them for land that will be used as landfills. A very common example of this is India. India has many landfills and high pollution. This creates ground pollution which then can ruin near by natural vegetation and ruin any potential for economic development of the land and soil in that area. The average cost of civil war is equivalent to more than 30 years growth for a medium size developing country. Poverty tends to increase in countries with high violence and crime. A country that has experienced major violence through 1991 to 2005 has a poverty rate higher by 21% than a country that saw no violence during that period of time. High poverty can be a push factor for people to emigrate 75% of Jamaicans with a higher education are in the United States (Newland "Migration as a Factor in Development and Poverty Reduction"). This statistic shows how Jamaica; a country with high crime rates can push people to want to emigrate to a country with a lower crime rate so that they can have better opportunities which in this case is an education.

Effects of the issue on the whole planet

This issue can impact other regions of the world too, for example Colombia has the highest crime rate in the world. It is well known for its $352 billion drug industry (National Geographic "How the Cocaine Trade Affects Everyones Lives"). Those drugs are being exported out to different parts of the world and potentially ruining lives, $4.6 billion was made just from illegal drug exports to the United States. Since, Drugs are being trafficked there are more drug wars and conflict in the world. For example in Mexico even if you cause violence and crime you're praised for the money you make due to drug trafficking such as El Chapo. Crime's prevent development, The Secretary General’s 2005 "In Larger Freedom” report highlighted that “We will not enjoy development without security, and we will not enjoy security without development"

Possible solutions to the problem

Peace Building Fund (PBF)- support countries emerging from conflict and will support peace and building communities

Addis Ababa Action Agenda provides developing countries with financial support and strengthening development follow up process

UNICEF helps countries register children, 151 million babies are born each year that do not exist. Not being registered can prevent a child from receiving health care and different types of exploitation so it has a bright future.