Novel IDEA

Sara Fulton

Flashback

a scene set in a time earlier than the main story

In the show "Pretty Little Liars" in the first few seasons, the girls have flashbacks of when Alison was still alive. You know when they are having a flashback because of the lighting effects on the screen. Before the flashbacks they normally say or do something that reminds them of Ali.

Foreshadowing

a hint about what is going to happen later in a story

In the short story "The Scarlet Ibis" the beginning of the story is foreshadowing the end. The story foreshadows the end by using negative terms and phrases such as "the empty cradle" and "the bleeding tree".

Euphemism

a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant

In the show "Pretty Little Liars" when the girls are going to jail, they ask Hanna to "sugarcoat" it so that they would know what it is like. This is an example of Euphemism because Hanna substitutes the harshness so that it doesn't sound as bad as it really is.

Style

the particular way in which a writer uses language; created through diction (word choice) or figurative language

In "The Scarlet Ibis" the author uses style to represent death in the beginning. The author uses word choice to foreshadow the death of Doodle.

Structure

the way in which the author organizes a piece of literature

An example of structure in literature is the way an author sets up the text.

Inference

a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning

In "The Scarlet Ibis" you could make an inference that something bad was going to happen because of the word choice and style.

Imagery

visually descriptive or figurative language; the senses are used to create an image in a reader’s mind

The author Ray Bradbury used imagery in "Fahrenheit 451" by describing how things looked.

Simile

comparing two things using "like" or "as"
In the song "bad blood" by Taylor Swift, she uses a simile by saying "salt in the wound like your laughing right at me".

Metaphor

comparing two things without using like or as
The fireflies lit up the night sky brighter than the stars.

Personification

giving human characteristics to inanimate objects
The short story "The Scarlet Ibis" used personification by saying "summer was dead" and "the bleeding tree".

Allusion

a reference to a statement, person, place, or an event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop culture

In "To Kill a Mockingbird" an allusion is made when Scout is talking about her hometown. Scout uses a reference to a speech that was made in her hometown, which is refering to another piece of literature and politics.