Development Of A 6 Year Old

By: Shakia Griffin

Physical Characteristics

  • Growth in height is 2 1/2 to 3 inches per year, boys slightly taller than girls.
  • Weight gain is 4 to 5 pounds per year, boys slightly heavier than girls.

Posture and Body Shape

  • Holds arms near body when walking.
  • Stomach flattens.
  • Chest broadens and flattens with improved abdominal strength.
  • Holds shoulders back and upper body more erect.
  • Legs lengthen rapidly, growing stronger and firmer.


  • The set of 32 lifelong teeth to replace primary teeth begin to grow.
  • Teeth are lost in the same order they came in, two lower teeth first followed by the two upper front teeth.
  • Regular toothbrushing and flossing is an important habit to encourage.
  • Dentists recommend parents assist children in handling a toothbrush until age 5.
  • Regular dental checkups, to clean teeth and check for decay, are important.

Motor Skills

  1. Ties Shoes.
  2. Writes entire words.
  3. Cuts, pastes, and colors skillfully.
  4. Jumps Rope.
  5. Can ride a two-wheel bicycle with training wheels.
  6. Throws and catches a ball with more ease and accuracy (also requires fine motor skills and good hand-eye coordination).

Emotional Characteristics

  • Crave praise and approval, easily hurt and disturbed.
  • Often stubborn and quarrelsome.
  • Resent being given directions, and their first response is likely to be "No!".
  • Experience rapid mood changes.
  • Beginning to feel a deep feeling of happiness and joy, leading to appreciation of more activities.
  • Can enjoy music or dance lessons and organized sports.

Social Characteristics

  1. Want everything, and want to do things their way.
  2. Friends are usually of the same sex, but play readily in mixed groups.
  3. Enjoy group and organized games.
  4. When they are tired of playing a game, they simply drop out of the game.
  5. Have no regard for team effort.

Physical Care


  • Encourage children to dress themselves.
  • Allow children to dress themselves.
  1. Fabric should be comfortable.
  2. Allow room from growth.
  3. Choose items that allows the child to easily distinguish front and back.
  4. Choose economical clothing because they outgrow it so quickly.
  5. Consider appropriateness for the occasion and activity for both clothing and shoes.
  6. Remember safety: no loose cords, no name on the outside clothes.
  7. Flame-resistant clothing.


  • Children are less interested in bathing than as toddlers.
  • Praise can encourage the child to continue good hygiene habits.


  1. Proper nutrition is important; it helps the body meet its growth needs and resist infections.
  2. It is important for adults to model good nutrition behavior so that the child will do the same.
  3. Choose good snacks that are low in salt, fat, sugar, and calories.

Toileting and accidents

  • Most children have few accidents.
  • Accidents usually occur because the child is concentrating on the activity in which he/she is involved.


  1. Children need ten to twelve hours of sleep in a 24-hour period.
  2. Bedtime routine is still important.