the trade

The ancient Egyptians were wonderful traders. They traded gold, papyrus, linen, and grain for cedar wood, ebony, copper, iron, ivory, and lapis lazuli (a lovely blue gem stone.) Ships sailed up and down the Nile River, bringing goods to various ports. Once goods were unloaded, goods were hauled to various merchants by camel, cart, and on foot. (Donkeys were used by farmers, not traders usually.) Egyptians traders met traders from other civilizations just beyond the mouth of the Nile, to trade for goods brought to them, but they did not often travel themselves much beyond the Nile River.

For social ranking, merchants were right under scribes in importance. They were respected.

The ancient Egyptians bought goods from merchants. They traded goods through their shops and in the public marketplaces.


Pharaoh wanted his people to eat well. Except for a few sacred animals, there was nothing to stop the people from gathering and growing food. No one went hungry in ancient Egypt. Food was roasted and boiled, and fried and dried, and baked and blended. They had plenty of fresh food to keep them healthy thanks to the Nile River.

The Nile flows north to the Mediterranean. Each year, melting snow from the mountains in the south caused the Nile to flood on its way north through Egypt. As the flood waters receded, they left behind a rich, fertile, dark soil. It was easy to grow crops in the fertile soil left behind by the annual flooding of the Nile.

The ancient Egyptians loved garlic. They also ate green vegetables, lentils, figs, dates, onions, fish, birds, eggs, cheese, and butter. Their staple foods were bread and beer.

Breads were sweetened with dates, honey, and figs or dates. They had flatbreads. They even had yeast breads. Breads were made with barley and wheat.

Hecho por: Maria Jimenez, Rocio Quero y Cristian Rodriguez


The ancient Egyptians worshiped at least nine (9) main gods, but they had many more gods they could call on to help them with their life. Altogether, they had over 2,000 gods! Their gods were very unique. For example, the eye of Ra was considered a separate being from Ra, the Sun God, even though it was his eye