Protect the Kitchen From Germs

By: Sarrah Chakera

Staphylococcus aureus (Staph)

Where is it Found

  • Staph is commonly found on human and animal hair, skin, nose and throat. It usually does not cause harm unless it has been transferred to food products.
  • This bacteria is commonly found in foods that require hand to hand contact and no further cooking. For example, salads, sandwiches etc.
  • This bacteria grows when you have a cold, but best at body temperature.
  • Staph multiplies quickly in food that is kept in room temperature and the toxin Staph produces is the microorganism growing in the food.
  • Temperature range: 4-46 °C (39-115°F) for growth and toxin production
  • Optimum Temperature: 37°C (98.6°F)
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How to Prevent it!

  • Wash your hands properly with soap and water before handling food.
  • Do not prepare food if you have a eye or nose infection or if you have a cold.
  • Do not serve food if you have any wrist infection
  • Store food at proper temperatures. Do not make foods have drastic changes (let hot food cool before storing).
  • Keep kitchens clean and sanitized as much as possible.
  • When storing cooked food in the fridge, store in a wide shallow pan.
  • Cover your mouth when you sneeze or cough!
  • The bacteria Staphylococcus, only takes 1-6 hours to form, so BE CAREFUL!
How To Wash Your Hands In 8 Steps
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The Effects and Symptoms

Staph infection

  1. You know you have the infection when you see an affected area
  2. It is red
  3. It is swollen
  4. It is painful or tender

Staph can grow within foods and as it grows the bacteria releases toxins in the food which if are ingested can cause illnesses. Staph can cause food poisoning by eating foods that have been contaminated by the virus.

The Signs and Symptoms:

  • Illness usually develops between 1-6 hrs after eating
  • Can sometimes last only 30 minutes
  • May experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or stomach cramps
  • usually last for 1-3 days and is not very sever

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How to Fight Back

  • If the bacteria grows then it can cause food poisoning to whomever is eating the infected food.
  • You should be drinking a lot of fluids to keep yourself hydrated
  • As this is a contagious infection, you should not be sharing any personal items as that can transmit the disease
  • Do not touch any sanitary items in the kitchen as you would be spreading germs and most definitely do not work with any food.
  • This is one of the most drug resistant bacteria's
Staphylococcus aureus

Escherichia Coli (E.coli)

Where is it Found

E.coli is a bacteria that can be found in many places:
  • E.coli is found in your intestines and in the intestines of living animals. As there are many types of E.coli bacteria, some help your body while others can cause illnesses.
  • This bacteria is found in contaminated food, raw food such as under cooked beef, raw milk,cheese etc.
  • Feces of infected animals or humans.
  • May be transferred after touching poultry.
  • Found in contaminated water or swimming pools.

How to Prevent it!

To Prevent E.coli in the Kitchen
  • Keep kitchen clean and sanitized as much as possible.
  • Always wash your hand before and after touching any meat products.
  • Do not put cooked meat on a plate that had raw meat on it, without that plate being washed.
  • Keep raw meat separate from cooked meat
  • Keep meats at the bottom of the refrigerator to prevent their raw juices falling onto other food.
  • Prevent cross contamination of work space and utensils.
To Prevent Getting an E.coli Infection
  • Do not drink unpasteurized milk or juice.
  • Only drink treated and clean water.
  • Wash all fruits and vegetables properly before cooking.
  • Cook all meat thoroughly (beef should have 160 degree temperature inside)
  • Make sure when re-heating food it is properly heated to ensure that any bacteria that may have formed is killed.
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The Effects and Symptoms

E.Coli Infection

Many types of E.coli help our body, but there are times when the E.coli create harmful toxins which harm our body and cause us to be ill. E.coli Infection is one of the most common of them all.

  1. It is internal you would not see it
  2. Notice usually 3-4 days after eating the contaminated food
The Signs and Symptoms

  • Illness usually lasts 5-10 days
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Little to no fever
  • Vomiting

E. coli Video

How to Fight Back!

In cases when you have the infection

  • You should avoid taking antibiotics because that can cause more complications in your kidneys.
  • Keep yourself hydrated and get your proper nutrients.
  • There are some severe cases when the infection goes into your blood stream and releases toxins which result in killing red blood cells. This can cause severe kidney problems and in some cases result in failure. This is called hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS).
  • HUS is treated in the hospital in the ICU with either blood transfusions kidney dialysis.
  • If symptoms are severe call doctor
  • Get lots of rest.

Interesting Facts

  • An average of 440 cases of E.coli
  • The full name of E. coli is Escherichia coli. Escherichia is named after Theodor Escherich, a German pediatrician who discovered it in 1885. Coli means “from the colon” and is used because it is commonly found in the colon of mammals (including humans).
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Where is Found!

Salmonella is a bacteria that is located in the intestine that can be harmful to our bodies
  • Commonly found in raw food products that come from animals such as eggs, meat products, or unpasteurized dairies
  • Can be found on domestic animals such as duck, cattle, dogs or cats
  • Sometimes found in contaminated water
  • Can be found on dirty counter tops that had raw meat on them
  • Found on fruits that have not been washed thoroughly
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How to Prevent it!

To Prevent Salmonella in the Kitchen:
  • Always wash your hands after handling different food to prevent cross contamination
  • Keep all counter tops sanitized
  • Separate ready to eat foods from raw meat
  • Chill foods when transporting or keeping overnight
  • Use clean utensils that have been washed. Do not let a fork that has touched raw meat touch vegetables without it being washed with soap.
  • Often switch dirty kitchen towel for clean ones
To Prevent Salmonella Infections:
  • Wash your hands
  • Wash all fruits and vegetables before consuming
  • Make sure all food is cooked to the perfect temperature to ensure all the bacteria is killed.
  • Do not prepare food if you have a cold or are vomiting
What is Salmonella? Learn2Serve Video

The Effects and Symptoms

Salmonellosis (Salmonella Infection):

there are only about twelve types of salmonella bacteria that cause a person to be ill, usually with gastroenteritis or with food poisoning. In some rare cases Salmonellosis can cause typhoid fever. Other food related illnesses have reduced within the past 15 years but, Salmonellosis has not declined at all.

The Signs and Symptoms:

  1. Diarrhea
  2. Vomiting
  3. Nausea
  4. Fever
  5. Abdominal cramps
  6. Headache or muscle pain
  7. Occurs between 6-72 hrs and lasts for 4-7 days.
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How to Fight Back!

If you have Salmonellosis you

  • Do not need to take antibiotics as in less severe cases it solves on its own. In more severe cases call your doctor for antibiotics. There is no vaccine to prevent Salmonellosis.
  • Drink a lot of fluids to keep yourself hydrated
  • Call your doctor if symptoms continue to become more severe

How to Get Treatment for Salmonella Poisoning

Interesting Facts

  • Minnesota is ground zero for salmonella outbreaks
  • Freezing does not kill salmonella
  • Salmonellosis is the most frequently reported food borne illness in the U.S.
  • Foods contaminated with Salmonella are often of animal origin, such as beef, poultry, milk or eggs, but any food may become contaminated
  • Salmonella rarely affects the taste, smell or appearance of food.
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