The American Revolution

Mazie Nurre

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Early Settlers

The early American settlers came to the new world in hopes for a better life. In America it was easy for colonists to own land. It was also a lot easier for people who didn't have a lot of money to succeed in America. At the beginning Britain provided protection for the colonists. Britain also told the colonists what plants they should grow and what they should export. Eventually the colonists got tired of the close supervision and started to rebel against Britain.

Farming

Farmers during this time had small farms that they worked on. Farming was very rough during this time because the soil was very rough, and there were long winters. The main things that were grown during this time was tobacco, cotton, sugar, and rice. Farmers during this time had a few slaves to help them on the plantation.

Slavery

The African American population started to grow during this time. A lot of the African Americans that came to America were used as slaves. To the whites, black skin meant: dirt, disease, and disaster. Slavery became the base of the economy and society in the south. The slaves lived in little cabins on the plantation and had little privacy. Normally rich slave owners had around one hundred slaves, and the average farmer owned around twenty slaves. A lot of slaves ran away because of harsh conditions.
There were many different types of slaves. One was the enslaved house servants, they mainly did laundry and cooked. These slaves were considered better off than field slaves, but were watched very carefully. The field slaves worked really hard in the fields everyday. The only day they had off was Sunday.

Free African Americans

There were also free African Americans during this time, but they didn't have the same rights as whites. They could own property and they had skilled jobs, they also contributed a lot to their community.

Religion

Religion during this time varied on a persons location. In the middle colonies there were a mixture of religions; there were Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, and Jews. In the Southern colonies there are Baptists and Anglicans. Church was held in meeting houses, and it was very important to the colonists. Because it was so important, church was an all day event.

Social Classes

Gentry
The gentry were large land owners and had many slaves. They were also wealthy merchants and financiers.
Middle Class
The middle class played a big role in society and the government. They consisted of Blacksmiths, Silversmith, Printing, and Millinery. They could also be doctors and own stores.

Education

Schools during this time were scarce, and they were also very small. The schooling that kids got depended on the parents. Parents might not have been willing to pay for it. The parents normally taught their kids how to read, and at school they wanted them to learn about Christianity and read the Bible. A lot of the schools were very religious and girls were not allowed to some of the schools.

Clothing

For babies clothing started off by wearing a swaddle so that they could move around. As the kids got older boys would wear suits and girls would wear dresses. Men would wear a triangle hat, knee length jacket, knee high pants, and knee high stockings. Their shoes were normally made of wood or leather. It also didn't matter which foot they put their foot in because there was no left or right shoe, they were all the same. The men also carried a cane around as an accessory. Women during this time wore dresses that had a fitted bodice and a long skirt. The dresses were normally comfortable and easy to move in. The women would also wear hats when they went outside, along with a lace neck-chief and lace apron.

Women

Women played a big role during this time. When the husbands were gone they took care of the house and farm. They also did the chores both inside and outside of the home. When the war started the women would be nurses for the soldiers. Some women also became spy's, and dressed up as men to fight in the war.

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