Notice & Note: Nonfiction

Contrasts & Contradictions

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The author shows a difference between what you know and what is happening to the text.


Ask yourself this question: What is the difference and what does it matter?


Answering this question will help you see details that show you:


  • Main ideas, compare and contrast,author's purpose,inferences,generalizations,cause and effect.

Signal Words: alternatively, by contrast, however,none the less, otherwise,then again, unlike,yet,still,instead,on the other hand,although

Extreme/Absolute Language

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The author uses


Ask yourself this question: Why did the author say it like that?


Answering this question will tell you:

  • About the author's point of view
  • The author's purpose
  • If the author is exaggerating to make you think a certain way.


Signal Words: every, all, always,indisputably, never, none, unconditionally, unquestionably, entirely, completely, exclusively

Numbers & Stats

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The author uses specific numbers,number words, or amounts.


Ask yourself this question: Why did the author use those numbers or amounts?


Answering this question will help you:


  • come to a conclusion
  • make a comparison
  • see details
  • make inferences
  • find facts or recognize evidence.

Quoted Words

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The author quotes a voice of authority, a personal perspective, or cites other's words.


Ask yourself this question: Why did the author quote or cite this person?


Answering this question will help you :


  • Think about the author's point of view and purpose
  • Think about the author's bias or conclusion
  • Gain a perspective
  • Decipher between facts and opinions/make generalizations

Word Gaps

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The author uses a word or phrase you don't know.


Ask yourself this question:
  • Do I know this word from someplace else?
  • Does this seem like technical talk for experts about this topic?
  • Can I find clues in the sentence to help me understand the word?


Answering these questions will help you decide if:

  • You need to look the word up
  • You need to keep reading for more information/look for context clues

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