The Natives

By: Lexie Belcher

The Natives

  1. Anasazi are the ancestors of Pueblo. They constructed dams, ditches, and canals to trap rain from tops of mesa and channel to gardens on canyon floor.They had a house made of adobe and stone, were multi-storied, apartment- like structures- lived along walls of cliffs or large plazas. The Heart of Civilization in Chaco Canyon was Pueblo Bonita where there was a massive complex of more than 1000 people.From Pueblo Bonita they built roads for trading networks. Craftsmen made turquoise jewelry, woven baskets, (black on white) pottery. Heavily influenced art and architecture of late groups such as Hopi and Zuni (2 of the largest Pueblo groups today). Then they were left perhaps from many droughts.
  2. Adena, collectivley known as the Eastern Woodlands peoples, lived inn the Ohio valley region around 700 BC. They grew squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barely. They also produced exquisite copper jewelry and fine pottery.They had elaborate burial mounds made up of log and structures coved by piles of earth.
  3. Hopwell, also known as the Eastern Woodlands peoples, arrived in Mississippi valley by 800 AD.They had plants that used for many food and when added maize and beans, they had increase in population. Increase in population caused need for more land.More land resulted in numerous cities with up to 10,000 people- largest was Cahokia (located near present-day East St. Louis) in center of city of Cahokia's was a massive mound aprox. 100 feet high base of more than 14 acres-( larger than Great Pyramid in Egypt)Surrounding this massive mound were 120 smaller mounds.
*** All these Mississippi civilizations collapsed by the beginning of the 1300's AD-but all influenced other Eastern Woodlands people through their agriculture practices of large scale Farming with beans and corn and Mound Building***
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