4th Period, Pooja Marella, Sonia Patel, Deeksha Sriram


Canada is a country located above the United States. Canada is also close to Greenland. Ottawa is its capital. Ottawa's latitude is 45° 25' North, and its longitude is 75° 43' West.
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Canada has every season, and this is because even though Canada is in the Northern Hemisphere, it is still in the Earth’s tilt, and the Sun can act normally on Canada as it can on other countries. Though the climate and intensity varies in different parts, it still has four seasons.


Baffin Bay - Baffin Bay formed because the land had eroded, and then water replaced it.

Ungava Peninsula - Ungava Peninsula formed because there was water surrounding three sides of the land.

Beaufort Sea - Beaufort Sea formed because the land height was below sea level.

Mackenzie River - Mackenzie River formed because there was a mountain nearby and the water gradually eroded the soil.

Arctic Ocean - Arctic Ocean formed because there were no continental shelves there.

Laurentian Plateau - Laurentian Plateau formed because there were two tectonic plates or because the underground volcano tried to push its magma to the surface through the crust but could not.

Rocky Mountains - Rocky Mountains formed because two tectonic plates were there.

Victoria Island - Victoria Island formed because of underground volcanoes whose magma cooled.

Cape Columbia - Cape Columbia formed because the Arctic Ocean and Atlantic Ocean met there.

Gulf of St.Lawrence - Gulf of St. Lawrence formed because two tectonic plates broke apart and water came there.


Canada has 7 climate zones. They are

  • Arctic
  • Subarctic
  • Boreal
  • Prairie
  • Temperate
  • Oceanic
  • Mountain

Southern Ontario has warm, humid summers and short, cold winters because of the Great Lakes. British Columbia (which has many mountains) and the Yukon Territory have glaciers on the top and little deserts in the valleys.The prairies have cold winters and hot, dry summers. The arctic north of Canada has very dry and freezing conditions. The largest zone is the Subarctic, which has short summers and long, cold winters and not much rain.
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Canada has coniferous forests and tundras because its climate is mostly cold and dry.


Canada's natural disasters are earthquakes, tornadoes, and snow storms.


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